OK: Found an XML parser.
OK: Support for GZIP encoding.
OK: Support for character munging.
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Channel: Scion News Room

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To not miss anything on African news, subscribe to the newsletter of World Africa from this link. Every Saturday at 6 a.m., find a week of current events and debates treated by the editorial staff of World Africa.

Kenyan chemist Catherine Ngila.

Some of his comrades still call him Mr. Catherine, “Monsieur Catherine” in Swahili. Thus Catherine Ngila’s father addressed his daughter, proud of the success of this child raised among 27 brothers and sisters in a rural village in central Kenya. She was the first of the family to enter high school and then university. “It was his way of telling me that he found me important and that he wished me to have the same opportunities as a boy”, recalls with a laugh this 61-year-old woman, who has since become one of the most respected scientists on the African continent.

Presentation of our series Science is changing the lives of African women

Executive Director of the African Academy of Sciences, based in Nairobi, and professor at the University of Johannesburg (South Africa), this chemist has a specialty: water and its pollutants. She has devoted her work to this for three decades, working on the development of detection and filtering processes based in particular on nanotechnologies. Innovations that have earned her the L’Oréal / Unesco prize for women in science in 2021, along with four other laureates from around the world. Five years earlier, she had already been named South Africa’s best female scientist.

“Take care of myself”

A sparkle in her eyes, she grabs a plastic bottle, a notebook and a pen to try to illustrate by mimicking the purification techniques developed with her students at the University of Johannesburg. Despite his efforts, for the uninitiated, the case remains complex. Catherine Ngila’s ultimate goal, on the other hand, is crystal clear: the development of large-scale nanofilters to be able to equip all rural households in Africa with filter cartridges at affordable prices.

If the subject is close to his heart, it is that it has resonated in her since childhood. In his younger years, everyday water was the water that would be drawn from the river. Red, cloudy water, which had to be systematically passed through a square of cloth and mixed with calcium bicarbonate to try to neutralize impurities. “But I couldn’t help but wonder: is that enough to make it truly clean? “, she recalls. Even today, in sub-Saharan Africa, only a quarter of the population has access to a safe source of drinking water.

Episode 1 In Sudan, mathematician invents diagnosis for neglected tropical disease

Catherine Ngila did not grow up in wealth. Its rise is first and foremost the fruit of patient and pugnacious labor. Born in 1961, shortly before Kenya’s independence, in Kitui County, 130 kilometers east of Nairobi, the little girl divides her daily life between school and domestic chores. The family earns its income from working the land and from its herds of goats and cows. Her father is a tribal chief and her mother, fourth wife, died when she was only 6 years old. A shock as much as a click: “I told myself very early on that I had to study to be able to take care of myself since I will no longer have my mother to watch over me. “ In elementary school, she shines in mathematics in order to satisfy her teacher who threatens recalcitrant students with corporal punishment. In college, she discovered her true passion, chemistry.

Desires elsewhere

All along, his father encourages his quest for excellence. “He had fought during the Second World War with the English and had served as their interpreter in Kenya. He had seen the world, worked with educated people and wanted success for his children, including his daughters ”, welcomes the scientist.

In 1991, while already teaching at Kenyatta University in Nairobi, she flew to Sydney, Australia, on a scholarship. She came back four years later, crowned with a doctorate. The experience consolidates her curriculum vitae and gives her desires elsewhere. She therefore became a lecturer in Botswana, then in South Africa, in Durban, at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. Among her peers: white South Africans, Indians… but no black women! What she attributes to a legacy of apartheid does not fail to surprise her, just like her students at the time. “I was so curious that they rushed to my office before my first class”, she recalls.

Episode 2 In Cameroon, a physicist is passionate about the dangers of radiation therapy

In 2011, she reached a new level when she was appointed professor of chemistry at the University of Johannesburg. “From there, I made a lot of progress in my research. I got a lot of grants. I had great exposure. I had no choice but to deliver results! ” His team is accelerating discoveries on the use of nanofibers, nanoabsorbents and nanocomposite membranes (made from chemical resins and biomass materials) to detect and extract toxic chemicals and traces of metals. A treatment model used in particular to avoid the discharge of effluents from Johannesburg purification plants.

Battle horses

On her appointment, she is again the only black woman at her level. What to forge his determination to become a « role model » for others after her. An ambition which is even one of its driving forces for remaining living, working and teaching in Africa. Young girls on the continent too rarely consider continuing their studies until the doctorate, regrets the professor: “We first expect them to marry and have children. I tell them: do not start a relationship until you have obtained at least a diploma! “

Episode 3 In Rwanda, an engineer wants to convince girls to get into science

She hopes to see more women getting into science professions… and more young African researchers having the tools to realize their potential. Because if sub-Saharan Africa does not lack well-made heads, universities, they are often very badly off. With the exception of South Africa, most laboratories in the region are sorely lacking in equipment and funding.

At the African Academy of Sciences, this Pan-African institution responsible for promoting scientific research on the continent, it has made it one of its battle horses. “I urge African governments to invest, otherwise Africa will forever remain at the back of the global research pack, she says. If I hadn’t left Kenya, I would never have gotten to where I am. “

This series was produced in partnership with the L’Oréal Foundation.

Summary of our series “Science changes the lives of African women”

We would like to give thanks to the writer of this post for this awesome web content

In Kenya, the chemist who wants to give drink to all of Africa

" } ["summary"]=> string(636) "To not miss anything on African news, subscribe to the newsletter of World Africa from this link. Every Saturday at 6 a.m., find a week of current events and debates treated by the editorial staff of World Africa. Kenyan chemist Catherine Ngila. L’ORÉAL FOUNDATION Some of his comrades still call him Mr. Catherine, “Monsieur Catherine” ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(9875) "

To not miss anything on African news, subscribe to the newsletter of World Africa from this link. Every Saturday at 6 a.m., find a week of current events and debates treated by the editorial staff of World Africa.

Kenyan chemist Catherine Ngila.

Some of his comrades still call him Mr. Catherine, “Monsieur Catherine” in Swahili. Thus Catherine Ngila’s father addressed his daughter, proud of the success of this child raised among 27 brothers and sisters in a rural village in central Kenya. She was the first of the family to enter high school and then university. “It was his way of telling me that he found me important and that he wished me to have the same opportunities as a boy”, recalls with a laugh this 61-year-old woman, who has since become one of the most respected scientists on the African continent.

Presentation of our series Science is changing the lives of African women

Executive Director of the African Academy of Sciences, based in Nairobi, and professor at the University of Johannesburg (South Africa), this chemist has a specialty: water and its pollutants. She has devoted her work to this for three decades, working on the development of detection and filtering processes based in particular on nanotechnologies. Innovations that have earned her the L’Oréal / Unesco prize for women in science in 2021, along with four other laureates from around the world. Five years earlier, she had already been named South Africa’s best female scientist.

“Take care of myself”

A sparkle in her eyes, she grabs a plastic bottle, a notebook and a pen to try to illustrate by mimicking the purification techniques developed with her students at the University of Johannesburg. Despite his efforts, for the uninitiated, the case remains complex. Catherine Ngila’s ultimate goal, on the other hand, is crystal clear: the development of large-scale nanofilters to be able to equip all rural households in Africa with filter cartridges at affordable prices.

If the subject is close to his heart, it is that it has resonated in her since childhood. In his younger years, everyday water was the water that would be drawn from the river. Red, cloudy water, which had to be systematically passed through a square of cloth and mixed with calcium bicarbonate to try to neutralize impurities. “But I couldn’t help but wonder: is that enough to make it truly clean? “, she recalls. Even today, in sub-Saharan Africa, only a quarter of the population has access to a safe source of drinking water.

Episode 1 In Sudan, mathematician invents diagnosis for neglected tropical disease

Catherine Ngila did not grow up in wealth. Its rise is first and foremost the fruit of patient and pugnacious labor. Born in 1961, shortly before Kenya’s independence, in Kitui County, 130 kilometers east of Nairobi, the little girl divides her daily life between school and domestic chores. The family earns its income from working the land and from its herds of goats and cows. Her father is a tribal chief and her mother, fourth wife, died when she was only 6 years old. A shock as much as a click: “I told myself very early on that I had to study to be able to take care of myself since I will no longer have my mother to watch over me. “ In elementary school, she shines in mathematics in order to satisfy her teacher who threatens recalcitrant students with corporal punishment. In college, she discovered her true passion, chemistry.

Desires elsewhere

All along, his father encourages his quest for excellence. “He had fought during the Second World War with the English and had served as their interpreter in Kenya. He had seen the world, worked with educated people and wanted success for his children, including his daughters ”, welcomes the scientist.

In 1991, while already teaching at Kenyatta University in Nairobi, she flew to Sydney, Australia, on a scholarship. She came back four years later, crowned with a doctorate. The experience consolidates her curriculum vitae and gives her desires elsewhere. She therefore became a lecturer in Botswana, then in South Africa, in Durban, at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. Among her peers: white South Africans, Indians… but no black women! What she attributes to a legacy of apartheid does not fail to surprise her, just like her students at the time. “I was so curious that they rushed to my office before my first class”, she recalls.

Episode 2 In Cameroon, a physicist is passionate about the dangers of radiation therapy

In 2011, she reached a new level when she was appointed professor of chemistry at the University of Johannesburg. “From there, I made a lot of progress in my research. I got a lot of grants. I had great exposure. I had no choice but to deliver results! ” His team is accelerating discoveries on the use of nanofibers, nanoabsorbents and nanocomposite membranes (made from chemical resins and biomass materials) to detect and extract toxic chemicals and traces of metals. A treatment model used in particular to avoid the discharge of effluents from Johannesburg purification plants.

Battle horses

On her appointment, she is again the only black woman at her level. What to forge his determination to become a « role model » for others after her. An ambition which is even one of its driving forces for remaining living, working and teaching in Africa. Young girls on the continent too rarely consider continuing their studies until the doctorate, regrets the professor: “We first expect them to marry and have children. I tell them: do not start a relationship until you have obtained at least a diploma! “

Episode 3 In Rwanda, an engineer wants to convince girls to get into science

She hopes to see more women getting into science professions… and more young African researchers having the tools to realize their potential. Because if sub-Saharan Africa does not lack well-made heads, universities, they are often very badly off. With the exception of South Africa, most laboratories in the region are sorely lacking in equipment and funding.

At the African Academy of Sciences, this Pan-African institution responsible for promoting scientific research on the continent, it has made it one of its battle horses. “I urge African governments to invest, otherwise Africa will forever remain at the back of the global research pack, she says. If I hadn’t left Kenya, I would never have gotten to where I am. “

This series was produced in partnership with the L’Oréal Foundation.

Summary of our series “Science changes the lives of African women”

We would like to give thanks to the writer of this post for this awesome web content

In Kenya, the chemist who wants to give drink to all of Africa

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1636671314) } [1]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(94) "Kung-Fu-Rot, runaway victory, flick record: DFB team dismantled Liechtenstein at Löw farewell" ["link"]=> string(116) "http://scionnewsroom.com/kung-fu-rot-runaway-victory-flick-record-dfb-team-dismantled-liechtenstein-at-low-farewell/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(8) "Tim Hall" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 11 Nov 2021 22:35:09 +0000" ["category"]=> string(81) "SportDFBdismantledfarewellflickKungFuRotLiechtensteinLöwrecordrunawayteamvictory" ["guid"]=> string(33) "https://scionnewsroom.com/?p=4403" ["description"]=> string(723) "So far, no national coach in German football history has achieved this: Hansi Flick and his national team set a start record with a runaway victory in the World Cup qualification against Liechtenstein. In front of 26,000 spectators in the sold-out Wolfsburg stadium, the ex-Bayern coach celebrated his sixth win in the sixth competitive game ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(5670) "

So far, no national coach in German football history has achieved this: Hansi Flick and his national team set a start record with a runaway victory in the World Cup qualification against Liechtenstein. In front of 26,000 spectators in the sold-out Wolfsburg stadium, the ex-Bayern coach celebrated his sixth win in the sixth competitive game since Joachim Löw took office, surpassing his predecessor, who had left before the game. In the 9: 0 (4: 0) against the overwhelmed football dwarf Ilkay Gündogan (11th minute / penalty), Daniel Kaufmann (20th / own goal) carried each other. Leroy Sané (22nd, 49th), Marco Reus (23rd), Thomas Müller (76th, 86th) Ridle Baku (80th) and Maximilian Göppel (89th, own goal) in the list of goalscorers. Liechtenstein had to complete the game after a brutal foul by Jens Hofer since the 9th minute.

advertisement

The game had no sporting value for either team. The ticket for the World Cup finals in Qatar in just over a year had already been bought by the DFB selection as group winners at the beginning of October, Liechtenstein no longer has a chance of the play-offs for the World Cup qualifying. Flick had to do without several players: Thilo Kehrer replaced Corona-infected Niklas Süle as central defender. For Kehrer, Christian Günter moved to the position of left-back Ilkay Gündogan, who played in midfield for Joshua Kimmich, who, as one of four contacts, had to leave after Niklas Süle’s positive test in quarantine. Wolfsburg Ridle Baku, whom Flick had re-nominated on Tuesday, started on the right offensive lane. In addition to Süle and Kimmich, Flick was also missing the offensives Serge Gnabry, Jamal Musiala and Karim Adeyemi, who also had to be quarantined.

Germany in the individual criticism against Liechtenstein

All German players against Liechtenstein here in the individual review.

©

After official farewell to ex-national coach and world champion coach Löw it went straight to the point in the VW arena. Löw is unlikely to have taken his place in the stands when a brutal foul on Leon Goretzka shocked the fans and teammates. The Liechtensteiner Jens Hofer jumped the Bayern star in his own penalty area with his foot first against the neck (8th). The referee Ivana Martincic, who was the first woman to lead an international match for the DFB-Elf, immediately decided on a penalty – and showed Hofer the red card after VAR intervention. Gündogan (11th) safely converted the penalty that was due after the kung-fu kick. Goretzka was able to continue playing with scratches on his neck, but was replaced at half time as a precaution.

With the Gündogan hit, the goal machine of the DFB got going: Within twelve minutes, three more hits were scored. First Daniel Kaufmann gritted a sharp cross from Günter into his own goal (20th), then Leroy Sané (22nd) after a presentation by Goretzka and Marco Reus made a single effort into the goal of the pitiful Liechtenstein goalkeeper Benjamin Büchel. The DFB team was overwhelmingly superior in every phase of the game, had chances every minute and should have led significantly higher than “only” 4-0 at the break.

After the 4-0, the Flick-Elf took their foot off the gas a little. And yet the scoring continued after the break: Sané (49th) made his brace four minutes after the restart after Reus crossed it perfectly. Substitute Wolfsburg professional Lukas Nmecha (56th) hit the post a little later on his debut with a direct pick-up, and Kevin Volland (77th), who was also new to the game, shot at the aluminum. Thomas Müller (76th, 86th) did better exactly 20 and 30 minutes later. Baku (80th) provided the most beautiful goal of the day, who hit the left corner with a perfect flick from the right edge of the box. A dream goal – in contrast to Göppel’s own goal (89th).

Flick and his team will continue on Sunday when the final qualifying game against Armenia is scheduled in Yerevan.

We would love to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this incredible material

Kung-Fu-Rot, runaway victory, flick record: DFB team dismantled Liechtenstein at Löw farewell

" } ["summary"]=> string(723) "So far, no national coach in German football history has achieved this: Hansi Flick and his national team set a start record with a runaway victory in the World Cup qualification against Liechtenstein. In front of 26,000 spectators in the sold-out Wolfsburg stadium, the ex-Bayern coach celebrated his sixth win in the sixth competitive game ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(5670) "

So far, no national coach in German football history has achieved this: Hansi Flick and his national team set a start record with a runaway victory in the World Cup qualification against Liechtenstein. In front of 26,000 spectators in the sold-out Wolfsburg stadium, the ex-Bayern coach celebrated his sixth win in the sixth competitive game since Joachim Löw took office, surpassing his predecessor, who had left before the game. In the 9: 0 (4: 0) against the overwhelmed football dwarf Ilkay Gündogan (11th minute / penalty), Daniel Kaufmann (20th / own goal) carried each other. Leroy Sané (22nd, 49th), Marco Reus (23rd), Thomas Müller (76th, 86th) Ridle Baku (80th) and Maximilian Göppel (89th, own goal) in the list of goalscorers. Liechtenstein had to complete the game after a brutal foul by Jens Hofer since the 9th minute.

advertisement

The game had no sporting value for either team. The ticket for the World Cup finals in Qatar in just over a year had already been bought by the DFB selection as group winners at the beginning of October, Liechtenstein no longer has a chance of the play-offs for the World Cup qualifying. Flick had to do without several players: Thilo Kehrer replaced Corona-infected Niklas Süle as central defender. For Kehrer, Christian Günter moved to the position of left-back Ilkay Gündogan, who played in midfield for Joshua Kimmich, who, as one of four contacts, had to leave after Niklas Süle’s positive test in quarantine. Wolfsburg Ridle Baku, whom Flick had re-nominated on Tuesday, started on the right offensive lane. In addition to Süle and Kimmich, Flick was also missing the offensives Serge Gnabry, Jamal Musiala and Karim Adeyemi, who also had to be quarantined.

Germany in the individual criticism against Liechtenstein

All German players against Liechtenstein here in the individual review.

©

After official farewell to ex-national coach and world champion coach Löw it went straight to the point in the VW arena. Löw is unlikely to have taken his place in the stands when a brutal foul on Leon Goretzka shocked the fans and teammates. The Liechtensteiner Jens Hofer jumped the Bayern star in his own penalty area with his foot first against the neck (8th). The referee Ivana Martincic, who was the first woman to lead an international match for the DFB-Elf, immediately decided on a penalty – and showed Hofer the red card after VAR intervention. Gündogan (11th) safely converted the penalty that was due after the kung-fu kick. Goretzka was able to continue playing with scratches on his neck, but was replaced at half time as a precaution.

With the Gündogan hit, the goal machine of the DFB got going: Within twelve minutes, three more hits were scored. First Daniel Kaufmann gritted a sharp cross from Günter into his own goal (20th), then Leroy Sané (22nd) after a presentation by Goretzka and Marco Reus made a single effort into the goal of the pitiful Liechtenstein goalkeeper Benjamin Büchel. The DFB team was overwhelmingly superior in every phase of the game, had chances every minute and should have led significantly higher than “only” 4-0 at the break.

After the 4-0, the Flick-Elf took their foot off the gas a little. And yet the scoring continued after the break: Sané (49th) made his brace four minutes after the restart after Reus crossed it perfectly. Substitute Wolfsburg professional Lukas Nmecha (56th) hit the post a little later on his debut with a direct pick-up, and Kevin Volland (77th), who was also new to the game, shot at the aluminum. Thomas Müller (76th, 86th) did better exactly 20 and 30 minutes later. Baku (80th) provided the most beautiful goal of the day, who hit the left corner with a perfect flick from the right edge of the box. A dream goal – in contrast to Göppel’s own goal (89th).

Flick and his team will continue on Sunday when the final qualifying game against Armenia is scheduled in Yerevan.

We would love to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this incredible material

Kung-Fu-Rot, runaway victory, flick record: DFB team dismantled Liechtenstein at Löw farewell

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1636670109) } [2]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(116) "What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: Research shows crops have drought ‘memory’ to help reduce yield loss" ["link"]=> string(132) "http://scionnewsroom.com/what-doesnt-kill-you-makes-you-stronger-research-shows-crops-have-drought-memory-to-help-reduce-yield-loss/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Tony Grantly" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 11 Nov 2021 22:22:52 +0000" ["category"]=> string(82) "Health And Sciencecropsdoesntdroughtkilllossmemoryreduceresearchshowsstrongeryield" ["guid"]=> string(33) "https://scionnewsroom.com/?p=4401" ["description"]=> string(767) "What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: Research shows crops have drought ‘memory’ to help reduce yield loss – NovLink Home Mash G What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: Research shows crops have drought ‘memory’ to help reduce yield loss We want to give thanks to the writer of this short article for this ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(6700) "




What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: Research shows crops have drought ‘memory’ to help reduce yield loss – NovLink














We want to give thanks to the writer of this short article for this outstanding content

What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: Research shows crops have drought ‘memory’ to help reduce yield loss

" } ["summary"]=> string(767) "What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: Research shows crops have drought ‘memory’ to help reduce yield loss – NovLink Home Mash G What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: Research shows crops have drought ‘memory’ to help reduce yield loss We want to give thanks to the writer of this short article for this ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(6700) "




What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: Research shows crops have drought ‘memory’ to help reduce yield loss – NovLink














We want to give thanks to the writer of this short article for this outstanding content

What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: Research shows crops have drought ‘memory’ to help reduce yield loss

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1636669372) } [3]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(103) "Migrants massed at the border by Belarus: “This crisis can help Poland in its disputes with the EU”" ["link"]=> string(122) "http://scionnewsroom.com/migrants-massed-at-the-border-by-belarus-this-crisis-can-help-poland-in-its-disputes-with-the-eu/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Paula Hooper" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 11 Nov 2021 22:13:27 +0000" ["category"]=> string(57) "World NewsBelarusBordercrisisdisputesmassedmigrantsPoland" ["guid"]=> string(32) "http://scionnewsroom.com/?p=4398" ["description"]=> string(788) "Migrants from the Middle East carry their sick friend to the border between Poland and Belarus, Monday, November 8, 2021. LEONID SHCHEGLOV / AP Tensions continue to build between the European Union (EU) and Belarus. Authoritarian Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko is accused of orchestrating the arrival of several thousand migrants to the border with Poland ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4954) "

Tensions continue to build between the European Union (EU) and Belarus. Authoritarian Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko is accused of orchestrating the arrival of several thousand migrants to the border with Poland since the beginning of August in order to exert pressure and obtain an end to sanctions economic decisions decided against his regime, in 2020, after his brutal repression of the opposition.

These people, including children and women, make a living in difficult conditions. At night, temperatures drop below zero degrees.

On Wednesday 10 November, the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, affirmed that the EU would proceed, in response, to a “Broadening of sanctions” against Minsk, Monday, November 15, during a meeting of foreign ministers in Brussels.

Thursday November 11, on RMC and BFM-TV, the French Secretary of State for European Affairs, Clément Beaune, considered that the crisis at the Polish border was a “Migratory attack” and one « test » for the EU. “We must act with firmness. We stand in solidarity with Poland (…). It is Europe that is being tested ”, did he declare.

Read also Migrant crisis: what is happening on the border between Poland and Belarus?

Matthew Tardis, researcher at the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) and specialist in European immigration policy, analyzes the response provided by the EU since the start of this crisis. According to him, migrants are “The forgotten” of this showdown.

What is the extent and nature of the crisis playing out on the border between Poland and Belarus?

The number of people currently at the border is limited [entre 2 000 et 4 000 migrants seraient présents entre les deux pays]. The situation has nothing to do with the one that existed in Greece in 2015, when migrants or refugees, mostly Syrians, arrived in Europe after crossing Turkey. It is not a migratory crisis which is playing out at the moment, but a political crisis between Belarus and the EU, a crisis which is constructed from scratch by Alexander Lukashenko.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Belarus orchestrates arrival of charter migrants to put pressure on Europe

In response to the crisis, the European Union is preparing to take new sanctions against Belarus. Beyond the latter, what is the EU’s room for maneuver in this situation?

The European Commission’s room for maneuver is quite limited. Poland is sovereign over its territory to make a number of decisions relating to immigration. The country has also refused assistance from Frontex, the European border and coast guard agency.

You have 60.4% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We would love to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this outstanding material

Migrants massed at the border by Belarus: “This crisis can help Poland in its disputes with the EU”

" } ["summary"]=> string(788) "Migrants from the Middle East carry their sick friend to the border between Poland and Belarus, Monday, November 8, 2021. LEONID SHCHEGLOV / AP Tensions continue to build between the European Union (EU) and Belarus. Authoritarian Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko is accused of orchestrating the arrival of several thousand migrants to the border with Poland ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(4954) "

Tensions continue to build between the European Union (EU) and Belarus. Authoritarian Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko is accused of orchestrating the arrival of several thousand migrants to the border with Poland since the beginning of August in order to exert pressure and obtain an end to sanctions economic decisions decided against his regime, in 2020, after his brutal repression of the opposition.

These people, including children and women, make a living in difficult conditions. At night, temperatures drop below zero degrees.

On Wednesday 10 November, the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, affirmed that the EU would proceed, in response, to a “Broadening of sanctions” against Minsk, Monday, November 15, during a meeting of foreign ministers in Brussels.

Thursday November 11, on RMC and BFM-TV, the French Secretary of State for European Affairs, Clément Beaune, considered that the crisis at the Polish border was a “Migratory attack” and one « test » for the EU. “We must act with firmness. We stand in solidarity with Poland (…). It is Europe that is being tested ”, did he declare.

Read also Migrant crisis: what is happening on the border between Poland and Belarus?

Matthew Tardis, researcher at the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) and specialist in European immigration policy, analyzes the response provided by the EU since the start of this crisis. According to him, migrants are “The forgotten” of this showdown.

What is the extent and nature of the crisis playing out on the border between Poland and Belarus?

The number of people currently at the border is limited [entre 2 000 et 4 000 migrants seraient présents entre les deux pays]. The situation has nothing to do with the one that existed in Greece in 2015, when migrants or refugees, mostly Syrians, arrived in Europe after crossing Turkey. It is not a migratory crisis which is playing out at the moment, but a political crisis between Belarus and the EU, a crisis which is constructed from scratch by Alexander Lukashenko.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Belarus orchestrates arrival of charter migrants to put pressure on Europe

In response to the crisis, the European Union is preparing to take new sanctions against Belarus. Beyond the latter, what is the EU’s room for maneuver in this situation?

The European Commission’s room for maneuver is quite limited. Poland is sovereign over its territory to make a number of decisions relating to immigration. The country has also refused assistance from Frontex, the European border and coast guard agency.

You have 60.4% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We would love to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this outstanding material

Migrants massed at the border by Belarus: “This crisis can help Poland in its disputes with the EU”

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1636668807) } [4]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(130) "NASA, Intuitive Machines Announce ‘Shackleton Connecting Ridge’ as Landing Site Location for Lunar Drill – Space Coast Daily" ["link"]=> string(145) "http://scionnewsroom.com/nasa-intuitive-machines-announce-shackleton-connecting-ridge-as-landing-site-location-for-lunar-drill-space-coast-daily/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Paula Hooper" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 11 Nov 2021 22:07:59 +0000" ["category"]=> string(103) "SpaceAnnouncecoastConnectingdailydrillIntuitiveLandingLocationLunarmachinesNASARidgeShackletonsitespace" ["guid"]=> string(33) "https://scionnewsroom.com/?p=4395" ["description"]=> string(820) "By NASA  //  November 11, 2021 nasa & space news In late 2022, NASA will send an ice-mining experiment attached to a robotic lander to the lunar South Pole on a ridge not far from Shackleton crater – a location engineers and scientists have assessed for months. (NASA image) (NASA) – In late 2022, NASA ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(7313) "

By NASA  //  November 11, 2021

nasa & space news

(NASA) – In late 2022, NASA will send an ice-mining experiment attached to a robotic lander to the lunar South Pole on a ridge not far from Shackleton crater – a location engineers and scientists have assessed for months.

NASA and Intuitive Machines, an agency partner for commercial Moon deliveries, announced the location selection on Nov. 3.

NASA data from spacecraft orbiting the Moon indicate this location, referred to as the “Shackleton connecting ridge,” could have ice below the surface.

The area receives sufficient sunlight to power a lander for roughly a 10-day mission, while also providing a clear line of sight to Earth for constant communications. It also is close to a small crater, which is ideal for a robotic excursion.

These conditions offer the best chance of success for the three technology demonstrations aboard.

This includes the NASA-funded Polar Resources Ice-Mining Experiment-1 (PRIME-1), which consists of the drill paired with a mass spectrometer, a 4G/LTE communications network developed by Nokia of America Corporation, and Micro-Nova, a deployable hopper robot developed by Intuitive Machines.

“PRIME-1 is permanently attached to Intuitive Machines’ Nova-C lander, and finding a landing location where we might discover ice within three feet of the surface was challenging,” said Dr. Jackie Quinn, PRIME-1 project manager at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

“While there is plenty of sunlight to power the payloads, the surface gets too warm to sustain ice within reach of the PRIME-1 drill. We needed to find a ‘goldilocks’ site that gets just enough sunlight to meet mission requirements while also being a safe place to land with good Earth communications.”

To select this final landing location, experts from NASA, Arizona State University, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab, Nokia, and Intuitive Machines created “ice-mining” maps of the lunar surface using lunar remote sensing data.

After landing, the PRIME-1 drill, known as The Regolith Ice Drill for Exploring New Terrain (TRIDENT), will attempt to drill up to three feet deep, extract lunar soil – called regolith – and deposit it on the surface for water analysis.

PRIME-1’s other instrument, the Mass Spectrometer observing lunar operations (MSolo), will measure volatile gases that readily escape from the material excavated by TRIDENT.

PRIME-1 will be the first demonstration of finding and extracting resources on the Moon. Advancing these types of technologies are critical to establishing a robust, long-term presence in deep space, including at the Moon as part of the agency’s Artemis missions. (NASA image)

PRIME-1 will be the first demonstration of finding and extracting resources on the Moon. Advancing these types of technologies are critical to establishing a robust, long-term presence in deep space, including at the Moon as part of the agency’s Artemis missions.

Simply operating and drilling into the tough lunar surface will provide valuable insight to engineers for future lunar missions, such as the Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover, or VIPER, mission, which is slated to land at the lunar South Pole in late 2023.

While PRIME-1 will investigate the resources below the lunar surface, Nokia will set out to test its space-hardened 4G/LTE network.

A small rover developed by Lunar Outpost will venture more than a mile away from the Nova-C lander and test Nokia’s wireless network at various distances. The rover will communicate to a base station located on Nova-C, and the lander will communicate data back to Earth.

This demonstration could pave the way for a commercial 4G/LTE system for mission-critical communications on the lunar surface. This includes communications and even high-definition video streaming from astronauts to base stations, vehicles to base stations, and more.

Nearby, Intuitive Machines’ Micro-Nova will aim to deploy to the surface and hop into a nearby crater to acquire pictures and science data before hopping out.

It will then send the data back to Nova-C. Micro-Nova can carry a two-pound payload more than 1.5 miles to access lunar craters and enable high-resolution surveying of the lunar surface.

This demonstration could help pave the way for additional commercial lunar exploration services. In the future, scientists may have the opportunity to outfit a hopper with their own small science instruments, such as cameras, seismometers, lunar ranging systems, and more.

“These early technology demonstrations employ innovative partnerships to provide valuable information about operating on and exploring the lunar surface,” said Niki Werkheiser, director of technology maturation for NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) at NASA Headquarters in Washington.

“The data will inform the designs for future in-situ resource utilization, mobility, communication, power, and dust mitigation capabilities.”

CLICK HERE FOR BREVARD COUNTY NEWS

We wish to thank the author of this write-up for this outstanding material

NASA, Intuitive Machines Announce ‘Shackleton Connecting Ridge’ as Landing Site Location for Lunar Drill – Space Coast Daily

" } ["summary"]=> string(820) "By NASA  //  November 11, 2021 nasa & space news In late 2022, NASA will send an ice-mining experiment attached to a robotic lander to the lunar South Pole on a ridge not far from Shackleton crater – a location engineers and scientists have assessed for months. (NASA image) (NASA) – In late 2022, NASA ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(7313) "

By NASA  //  November 11, 2021

nasa & space news

(NASA) – In late 2022, NASA will send an ice-mining experiment attached to a robotic lander to the lunar South Pole on a ridge not far from Shackleton crater – a location engineers and scientists have assessed for months.

NASA and Intuitive Machines, an agency partner for commercial Moon deliveries, announced the location selection on Nov. 3.

NASA data from spacecraft orbiting the Moon indicate this location, referred to as the “Shackleton connecting ridge,” could have ice below the surface.

The area receives sufficient sunlight to power a lander for roughly a 10-day mission, while also providing a clear line of sight to Earth for constant communications. It also is close to a small crater, which is ideal for a robotic excursion.

These conditions offer the best chance of success for the three technology demonstrations aboard.

This includes the NASA-funded Polar Resources Ice-Mining Experiment-1 (PRIME-1), which consists of the drill paired with a mass spectrometer, a 4G/LTE communications network developed by Nokia of America Corporation, and Micro-Nova, a deployable hopper robot developed by Intuitive Machines.

“PRIME-1 is permanently attached to Intuitive Machines’ Nova-C lander, and finding a landing location where we might discover ice within three feet of the surface was challenging,” said Dr. Jackie Quinn, PRIME-1 project manager at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

“While there is plenty of sunlight to power the payloads, the surface gets too warm to sustain ice within reach of the PRIME-1 drill. We needed to find a ‘goldilocks’ site that gets just enough sunlight to meet mission requirements while also being a safe place to land with good Earth communications.”

To select this final landing location, experts from NASA, Arizona State University, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab, Nokia, and Intuitive Machines created “ice-mining” maps of the lunar surface using lunar remote sensing data.

After landing, the PRIME-1 drill, known as The Regolith Ice Drill for Exploring New Terrain (TRIDENT), will attempt to drill up to three feet deep, extract lunar soil – called regolith – and deposit it on the surface for water analysis.

PRIME-1’s other instrument, the Mass Spectrometer observing lunar operations (MSolo), will measure volatile gases that readily escape from the material excavated by TRIDENT.

PRIME-1 will be the first demonstration of finding and extracting resources on the Moon. Advancing these types of technologies are critical to establishing a robust, long-term presence in deep space, including at the Moon as part of the agency’s Artemis missions. (NASA image)

PRIME-1 will be the first demonstration of finding and extracting resources on the Moon. Advancing these types of technologies are critical to establishing a robust, long-term presence in deep space, including at the Moon as part of the agency’s Artemis missions.

Simply operating and drilling into the tough lunar surface will provide valuable insight to engineers for future lunar missions, such as the Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover, or VIPER, mission, which is slated to land at the lunar South Pole in late 2023.

While PRIME-1 will investigate the resources below the lunar surface, Nokia will set out to test its space-hardened 4G/LTE network.

A small rover developed by Lunar Outpost will venture more than a mile away from the Nova-C lander and test Nokia’s wireless network at various distances. The rover will communicate to a base station located on Nova-C, and the lander will communicate data back to Earth.

This demonstration could pave the way for a commercial 4G/LTE system for mission-critical communications on the lunar surface. This includes communications and even high-definition video streaming from astronauts to base stations, vehicles to base stations, and more.

Nearby, Intuitive Machines’ Micro-Nova will aim to deploy to the surface and hop into a nearby crater to acquire pictures and science data before hopping out.

It will then send the data back to Nova-C. Micro-Nova can carry a two-pound payload more than 1.5 miles to access lunar craters and enable high-resolution surveying of the lunar surface.

This demonstration could help pave the way for additional commercial lunar exploration services. In the future, scientists may have the opportunity to outfit a hopper with their own small science instruments, such as cameras, seismometers, lunar ranging systems, and more.

“These early technology demonstrations employ innovative partnerships to provide valuable information about operating on and exploring the lunar surface,” said Niki Werkheiser, director of technology maturation for NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) at NASA Headquarters in Washington.

“The data will inform the designs for future in-situ resource utilization, mobility, communication, power, and dust mitigation capabilities.”

CLICK HERE FOR BREVARD COUNTY NEWS

We wish to thank the author of this write-up for this outstanding material

NASA, Intuitive Machines Announce ‘Shackleton Connecting Ridge’ as Landing Site Location for Lunar Drill – Space Coast Daily

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1636668479) } [5]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(55) "In Russia, the NGO Memorial threatened with dissolution" ["link"]=> string(80) "http://scionnewsroom.com/in-russia-the-ngo-memorial-threatened-with-dissolution/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Paula Hooper" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 11 Nov 2021 21:31:09 +0000" ["category"]=> string(48) "World NewsdissolutionMemorialNGORussiathreatened" ["guid"]=> string(32) "http://scionnewsroom.com/?p=4392" ["description"]=> string(600) "A woman holds a photo of murdered activist Natalia Estemirova during a rally for police reform in Moscow on November 28, 2009. ALEXEY SAZONOV / AFP Given the moral weight of the organization, in Russia and abroad, the news resonates like a thunderclap: the Attorney General of Russia asked, Thursday, November 11, the dissolution of ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4764) "

Given the moral weight of the organization, in Russia and abroad, the news resonates like a thunderclap: the Attorney General of Russia asked, Thursday, November 11, the dissolution of the NGO Memorial, spearhead and emblem of Russian civil society, whose work ranges from the protection of human rights to the study of the crimes of the Soviet regime.

It was the NGO itself that shared the news, believing it to be akin to “A political decision to annihilate Memorial”. The document that was sent to the Supreme Court mentions “Systematic violations” of the law on foreign agents. In a statement released later, the prosecutor’s office believes that the work of the NGO “Violates the Constitution”.

The 2012 Law on Foreign Agents has become the most common instrument of pressure against Russian civil society and independent media, forcing organizations or designated individuals to comply with a number of binding obligations. .

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers How the NGO Memorial is besieged by Putin

“We have always believed that this law was absurd and made to destroy civil society, but we did our best to comply with it and thus be able to continue working”, explains to World Alexandre Tcherkassov, leader of the Human Rights branch of Memorial, who however admits some failures: “ We have provided all the reports requested of us and entered our status [« d’agent de l’étranger »] on all our productions. But there were errors with some social media or book posts. “

A signal sent by the Russian authorities

Among the thirty fines received by Memorial since 2016, there are indeed such cases: in September 2020, the organization was sanctioned for having offered at a book fair old publications that did not contain a reference to its status. . Another involved an email sent by a Memorial employee to the Foreign Office and marked incorrectly.

The Supreme Court is due to deliver its judgment on November 25. “We are not lowering the flag and we are counting on solidarity, assure M. Tcherkassov. The law is selectively enforced in Russia, so we cannot believe this attack is driven by purely legal considerations. It is an attempt to eliminate us for all of our work. “

Read the survey: Article reserved for our subscribers Russia, the mutilated memory of the gulag

It is difficult to say whether solidarity, national or international, will influence the decision, but the fact is that the closure of Memorial would be seen as a major event and a signal sent by the Russian authorities. The Human Rights Council to the President, a moderate body in its criticism of the authorities, has already declared its intention to make its voice heard.

You have 44.73% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We wish to thank the author of this short article for this amazing material

In Russia, the NGO Memorial threatened with dissolution

" } ["summary"]=> string(600) "A woman holds a photo of murdered activist Natalia Estemirova during a rally for police reform in Moscow on November 28, 2009. ALEXEY SAZONOV / AFP Given the moral weight of the organization, in Russia and abroad, the news resonates like a thunderclap: the Attorney General of Russia asked, Thursday, November 11, the dissolution of ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(4764) "

Given the moral weight of the organization, in Russia and abroad, the news resonates like a thunderclap: the Attorney General of Russia asked, Thursday, November 11, the dissolution of the NGO Memorial, spearhead and emblem of Russian civil society, whose work ranges from the protection of human rights to the study of the crimes of the Soviet regime.

It was the NGO itself that shared the news, believing it to be akin to “A political decision to annihilate Memorial”. The document that was sent to the Supreme Court mentions “Systematic violations” of the law on foreign agents. In a statement released later, the prosecutor’s office believes that the work of the NGO “Violates the Constitution”.

The 2012 Law on Foreign Agents has become the most common instrument of pressure against Russian civil society and independent media, forcing organizations or designated individuals to comply with a number of binding obligations. .

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers How the NGO Memorial is besieged by Putin

“We have always believed that this law was absurd and made to destroy civil society, but we did our best to comply with it and thus be able to continue working”, explains to World Alexandre Tcherkassov, leader of the Human Rights branch of Memorial, who however admits some failures: “ We have provided all the reports requested of us and entered our status [« d’agent de l’étranger »] on all our productions. But there were errors with some social media or book posts. “

A signal sent by the Russian authorities

Among the thirty fines received by Memorial since 2016, there are indeed such cases: in September 2020, the organization was sanctioned for having offered at a book fair old publications that did not contain a reference to its status. . Another involved an email sent by a Memorial employee to the Foreign Office and marked incorrectly.

The Supreme Court is due to deliver its judgment on November 25. “We are not lowering the flag and we are counting on solidarity, assure M. Tcherkassov. The law is selectively enforced in Russia, so we cannot believe this attack is driven by purely legal considerations. It is an attempt to eliminate us for all of our work. “

Read the survey: Article reserved for our subscribers Russia, the mutilated memory of the gulag

It is difficult to say whether solidarity, national or international, will influence the decision, but the fact is that the closure of Memorial would be seen as a major event and a signal sent by the Russian authorities. The Human Rights Council to the President, a moderate body in its criticism of the authorities, has already declared its intention to make its voice heard.

You have 44.73% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We wish to thank the author of this short article for this amazing material

In Russia, the NGO Memorial threatened with dissolution

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1636666269) } [6]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(58) "How do we learn to learn? New research offers an education" ["link"]=> string(83) "http://scionnewsroom.com/how-do-we-learn-to-learn-new-research-offers-an-education/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Tony Grantly" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 11 Nov 2021 21:05:59 +0000" ["category"]=> string(46) "Health And Scienceeducationlearnoffersresearch" ["guid"]=> string(33) "https://scionnewsroom.com/?p=4390" ["description"]=> string(685) "Journal Reference: Ain Chung, Claudia Jou, Alejandro Grau-Perales, Eliott R. J. Levy, Dino Dvorak, Nida Hussain, André A. Fenton. Cognitive control persistently enhances hippocampal information processing. Nature, 2021; DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-04070-5 “As any educator knows, merely recollecting the information we learn in school is hardly the point of an education,” says André Fenton, a professor of ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(5082) "

Journal Reference:

  1. Ain Chung, Claudia Jou, Alejandro Grau-Perales, Eliott R. J. Levy, Dino Dvorak, Nida Hussain, André A. Fenton. Cognitive control persistently enhances hippocampal information processing. Nature, 2021; DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-04070-5

“As any educator knows, merely recollecting the information we learn in school is hardly the point of an education,” says André Fenton, a professor of neural science at New York University and the senior author of the study, which appears in the journal Nature. “Rather than using our brains to merely store information to recall later, with the right mental training, we can also ‘learn to learn,’ which makes us more adaptive, mindful, and intelligent.”

Researchers have frequently studied the machinations of memory–specifically, how neurons store the information gained from experience so that the same information can be recalled later. However, less is known about the underlying neurobiology of how we “learn to learn”–the mechanisms our brains use to go beyond drawing from memory to utilize past experiences in meaningful, novel ways.

A greater understanding of this process could point to new methods to enhance learning and to design precision cognitive behavioral therapies for neuropsychiatric disorders like anxiety, schizophrenia, and other forms of mental dysfunction.

To explore this, the researchers conducted a series of experiments using mice, who were assessed for their ability to learn cognitively challenging tasks. Prior to the assessment, some mice received “cognitive control training” (CCT). They were put on a slowly rotating arena and trained to avoid the stationary location of a mild shock using stationary visual cues while ignoring locations of the shock on the rotating floor. CCT mice were compared to control mice. One control group also learned the same place avoidance, but it did not have to ignore the irrelevant rotating locations. 

The use of the rotating arena place avoidance methodology was vital to the experiment, the scientists note, because it manipulates spatial information, dissociating the environment into stationary and rotating components. Previously, the lab had shown that learning to avoid shock on the rotating arena requires using the hippocampus, the brain’s memory and navigation center, as well as the persistent activity of a molecule (protein kinase M zeta [PKM?]) that is crucial for maintaining increases in the strength of neuronal connections and for storing long-term memory. 

“In short, there were molecular, physiological, and behavioral reasons to examine long-term place avoidance memory in the hippocampus circuit as well as a theory for how the circuit could persistently improve,” explains Fenton.

Analysis of neural activity in the hippocampus during CCT confirmed the mice were using relevant information for avoiding shock and ignoring the rotating distractions in the vicinity of the shock. Notably, this process of ignoring distractions was essential for the mice learning to learn as it allowed them to do novel cognitive tasks better than the mice that did not receive CCT. Remarkably, the researchers could measure that CCT also improves how the mice’s hippocampal neural circuitry functions to process information. The hippocampus is a crucial part of the brain for forming long-lasting memories as well as for spatial navigation, and CCT improved how it operates for months.

“The study shows that two hours of cognitive control training causes learning to learn in mice and that learning to learn is accompanied by improved tuning of a key brain circuit for memory,” observes Fenton. “Consequently, the brain becomes persistently more effective at suppressing noisy inputs and more consistently effective at enhancing the inputs that matter.”

The paper’s other authors were: Ain Chung and Eliott Levy, NYU doctoral students at the time of the research; Claudia Jou a doctoral student at the City University of New York’s Hunter College and the Graduate Center; Alejandro Grau-Perales and Dino Dvorak, NYU postdoctoral fellows at the time of the study; and Nida Hussain, a student at NYU’s College of Arts and Science at the time of the study.

The research was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health (R01MH115304, R01NS105472, and R01AG043688).

We would love to say thanks to the author of this post for this outstanding content

How do we learn to learn? New research offers an education

" } ["summary"]=> string(685) "Journal Reference: Ain Chung, Claudia Jou, Alejandro Grau-Perales, Eliott R. J. Levy, Dino Dvorak, Nida Hussain, André A. Fenton. Cognitive control persistently enhances hippocampal information processing. Nature, 2021; DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-04070-5 “As any educator knows, merely recollecting the information we learn in school is hardly the point of an education,” says André Fenton, a professor of ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(5082) "

Journal Reference:

  1. Ain Chung, Claudia Jou, Alejandro Grau-Perales, Eliott R. J. Levy, Dino Dvorak, Nida Hussain, André A. Fenton. Cognitive control persistently enhances hippocampal information processing. Nature, 2021; DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-04070-5

“As any educator knows, merely recollecting the information we learn in school is hardly the point of an education,” says André Fenton, a professor of neural science at New York University and the senior author of the study, which appears in the journal Nature. “Rather than using our brains to merely store information to recall later, with the right mental training, we can also ‘learn to learn,’ which makes us more adaptive, mindful, and intelligent.”

Researchers have frequently studied the machinations of memory–specifically, how neurons store the information gained from experience so that the same information can be recalled later. However, less is known about the underlying neurobiology of how we “learn to learn”–the mechanisms our brains use to go beyond drawing from memory to utilize past experiences in meaningful, novel ways.

A greater understanding of this process could point to new methods to enhance learning and to design precision cognitive behavioral therapies for neuropsychiatric disorders like anxiety, schizophrenia, and other forms of mental dysfunction.

To explore this, the researchers conducted a series of experiments using mice, who were assessed for their ability to learn cognitively challenging tasks. Prior to the assessment, some mice received “cognitive control training” (CCT). They were put on a slowly rotating arena and trained to avoid the stationary location of a mild shock using stationary visual cues while ignoring locations of the shock on the rotating floor. CCT mice were compared to control mice. One control group also learned the same place avoidance, but it did not have to ignore the irrelevant rotating locations. 

The use of the rotating arena place avoidance methodology was vital to the experiment, the scientists note, because it manipulates spatial information, dissociating the environment into stationary and rotating components. Previously, the lab had shown that learning to avoid shock on the rotating arena requires using the hippocampus, the brain’s memory and navigation center, as well as the persistent activity of a molecule (protein kinase M zeta [PKM?]) that is crucial for maintaining increases in the strength of neuronal connections and for storing long-term memory. 

“In short, there were molecular, physiological, and behavioral reasons to examine long-term place avoidance memory in the hippocampus circuit as well as a theory for how the circuit could persistently improve,” explains Fenton.

Analysis of neural activity in the hippocampus during CCT confirmed the mice were using relevant information for avoiding shock and ignoring the rotating distractions in the vicinity of the shock. Notably, this process of ignoring distractions was essential for the mice learning to learn as it allowed them to do novel cognitive tasks better than the mice that did not receive CCT. Remarkably, the researchers could measure that CCT also improves how the mice’s hippocampal neural circuitry functions to process information. The hippocampus is a crucial part of the brain for forming long-lasting memories as well as for spatial navigation, and CCT improved how it operates for months.

“The study shows that two hours of cognitive control training causes learning to learn in mice and that learning to learn is accompanied by improved tuning of a key brain circuit for memory,” observes Fenton. “Consequently, the brain becomes persistently more effective at suppressing noisy inputs and more consistently effective at enhancing the inputs that matter.”

The paper’s other authors were: Ain Chung and Eliott Levy, NYU doctoral students at the time of the research; Claudia Jou a doctoral student at the City University of New York’s Hunter College and the Graduate Center; Alejandro Grau-Perales and Dino Dvorak, NYU postdoctoral fellows at the time of the study; and Nida Hussain, a student at NYU’s College of Arts and Science at the time of the study.

The research was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health (R01MH115304, R01NS105472, and R01AG043688).

We would love to say thanks to the author of this post for this outstanding content

How do we learn to learn? New research offers an education

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1636664759) } [7]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(46) "Ex-national coach Löw said goodbye to the DFB" ["link"]=> string(71) "http://scionnewsroom.com/ex-national-coach-low-said-goodbye-to-the-dfb/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(8) "Tim Hall" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 11 Nov 2021 21:05:19 +0000" ["category"]=> string(34) "SportcoachDFBExnationalgoodbyeLöw" ["guid"]=> string(32) "http://scionnewsroom.com/?p=4387" ["description"]=> string(587) "Joachim Löw smiled touched and waved after a handshake with each of his ex-players in the direction of the fans. “Law, Law, Law”chanted the audience in Wolfsburg. A good four months after his last game as national coach at the European Championship in England, the world champion isCoach adopted by the German Football Association in ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(5129) "

Joachim Löw smiled touched and waved after a handshake with each of his ex-players in the direction of the fans. “Law, Law, Law”chanted the audience in Wolfsburg.

A good four months after his last game as national coach at the European Championship in England, the world champion isCoach adopted by the German Football Association in 2014. Löw received a certificate with a world champion motif from DFB interim president Peter Peters. Ex-world champions like Lukas Podolski, Miroslav Klose, Per Mertesacker and Mats Hummels stood in line for their former national coach.

Löw with “Högschder discipline” to world champion trainer

The 26,000 spectators in Wolfsburg greeted the 61-year-old with great applause before the World Cup qualifier against Liechtenstein. A huge banner read: “Herberger, Schön, Beckenbauer – Löw with the highest discipline to become world champion trainer. We say …” and the lettering was added to cardboard signs “Thank you, Jogi” educated. Special scenes from Löw’s 15 years as DFB head coach ran on the video screen.

“After so many years and such a long journey, of course I had to gain some distance. I also had to deal with a lot. The last tournament was a bit disappointing for all of us. So it took me a while. But now I have the feeling that I’m fine and I’m looking forward to football “said Löw on RTL.

Notice of resignation in March 2021

Löw announced his resignation in March after several sporting setbacks. His assistant at WM-Triumph a good seven years ago and former success coach of FC Bayern, Hansi Flick, is his successor and has confidently led the national team to qualify for the World Cup in Qatar next year.

Flick recently had his former boss and sponsor as the best national coach in the DFB-Story called. Other football greats also praised Löw for his life’s work and services to German football. “He has taken the team back to earlier heights and will certainly go down in the history of the DFB as one of the most successful coaches”, said Franz Beckenbauer to the editorial network Germany.

Open letter from Löw: “Fantastic time”

In an open letter to the DFBHomepage Löw turned to fans and former companions. “It was a fantastic time for which I am infinitely grateful”wrote Löw, “There is nothing bigger and more beautiful than being able to represent your country in sport. We cheered together after victories and built up and comforted each other after disappointments and defeats. And together we arrived where we always wanted to go, what we always dreamed of : Together we became world champions. “ With a little distance he looks “in many faces that stand for great memories, for encounters and conversations that I will always carry within me”.

The Federal President praised Löw as “Visionary”

After his last athletic appearance at the painful 0-2 in Wembley – his 198th international match – record coach Löw had withdrawn from the public. In the previous week, Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier invited him to lunch at Bellevue Palace and praised Löw as “Visionary”. Flick had said the day before the Liechtenstein game that he would like to enjoy a glass of red wine with Löw after the game in the team hotel.

And maybe at some point you will see each other again on the football stage. Because Löw does not rule out a comeback in football. “That is quite conceivable. After such a long time it took me half a year or maybe a year to gain some distance and to orientate myself. The desire gradually comes back and the motivation”said Loew.


dpa
|
Stand: 11.11.2021, 21:42

We would like to say thanks to the writer of this article for this outstanding web content

Ex-national coach Löw said goodbye to the DFB

" } ["summary"]=> string(587) "Joachim Löw smiled touched and waved after a handshake with each of his ex-players in the direction of the fans. “Law, Law, Law”chanted the audience in Wolfsburg. A good four months after his last game as national coach at the European Championship in England, the world champion isCoach adopted by the German Football Association in ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(5129) "

Joachim Löw smiled touched and waved after a handshake with each of his ex-players in the direction of the fans. “Law, Law, Law”chanted the audience in Wolfsburg.

A good four months after his last game as national coach at the European Championship in England, the world champion isCoach adopted by the German Football Association in 2014. Löw received a certificate with a world champion motif from DFB interim president Peter Peters. Ex-world champions like Lukas Podolski, Miroslav Klose, Per Mertesacker and Mats Hummels stood in line for their former national coach.

Löw with “Högschder discipline” to world champion trainer

The 26,000 spectators in Wolfsburg greeted the 61-year-old with great applause before the World Cup qualifier against Liechtenstein. A huge banner read: “Herberger, Schön, Beckenbauer – Löw with the highest discipline to become world champion trainer. We say …” and the lettering was added to cardboard signs “Thank you, Jogi” educated. Special scenes from Löw’s 15 years as DFB head coach ran on the video screen.

“After so many years and such a long journey, of course I had to gain some distance. I also had to deal with a lot. The last tournament was a bit disappointing for all of us. So it took me a while. But now I have the feeling that I’m fine and I’m looking forward to football “said Löw on RTL.

Notice of resignation in March 2021

Löw announced his resignation in March after several sporting setbacks. His assistant at WM-Triumph a good seven years ago and former success coach of FC Bayern, Hansi Flick, is his successor and has confidently led the national team to qualify for the World Cup in Qatar next year.

Flick recently had his former boss and sponsor as the best national coach in the DFB-Story called. Other football greats also praised Löw for his life’s work and services to German football. “He has taken the team back to earlier heights and will certainly go down in the history of the DFB as one of the most successful coaches”, said Franz Beckenbauer to the editorial network Germany.

Open letter from Löw: “Fantastic time”

In an open letter to the DFBHomepage Löw turned to fans and former companions. “It was a fantastic time for which I am infinitely grateful”wrote Löw, “There is nothing bigger and more beautiful than being able to represent your country in sport. We cheered together after victories and built up and comforted each other after disappointments and defeats. And together we arrived where we always wanted to go, what we always dreamed of : Together we became world champions. “ With a little distance he looks “in many faces that stand for great memories, for encounters and conversations that I will always carry within me”.

The Federal President praised Löw as “Visionary”

After his last athletic appearance at the painful 0-2 in Wembley – his 198th international match – record coach Löw had withdrawn from the public. In the previous week, Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier invited him to lunch at Bellevue Palace and praised Löw as “Visionary”. Flick had said the day before the Liechtenstein game that he would like to enjoy a glass of red wine with Löw after the game in the team hotel.

And maybe at some point you will see each other again on the football stage. Because Löw does not rule out a comeback in football. “That is quite conceivable. After such a long time it took me half a year or maybe a year to gain some distance and to orientate myself. The desire gradually comes back and the motivation”said Loew.


dpa
|
Stand: 11.11.2021, 21:42

We would like to say thanks to the writer of this article for this outstanding web content

Ex-national coach Löw said goodbye to the DFB

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1636664719) } [8]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(82) "A new era of planetary exploration: what we discovered on the far side of the Moon" ["link"]=> string(107) "http://scionnewsroom.com/a-new-era-of-planetary-exploration-what-we-discovered-on-the-far-side-of-the-moon/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Paula Hooper" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 11 Nov 2021 20:50:27 +0000" ["category"]=> string(46) "SpacediscoverederaexplorationmoonPlanetaryside" ["guid"]=> string(33) "https://scionnewsroom.com/?p=4384" ["description"]=> string(703) "Seven months after it was launched, the US robotic rover Perseverance successfully landed on Mars on February 18 2021. The landing was part of the mission March2020 and was viewed live by millions of people worldwide, reflecting the renewed global interest in space exploration. It was soon followed by China’s Tianwen-1, an interplanetary Mars mission ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(7572) "

Seven months after it was launched, the US robotic rover Perseverance successfully landed on Mars on February 18 2021. The landing was part of the mission March2020 and was viewed live by millions of people worldwide, reflecting the renewed global interest in space exploration. It was soon followed by China’s Tianwen-1, an interplanetary Mars mission consisting of an orbiter, lander and rover called Zhourong.

Perseverance and Zhourong were the fifth and sixth planetary rovers deployed in the last decade. The first one was America’s Curiosity which landed on Mars in 2012, followed by China’s three Chang’E missions.

In 2019 the Chang’E-4 lander and its Yutu-2 rover were the first human objects landed on the far side of the Moon – the side that faces away from the Earth. This marked a pivotal milestone in planetary exploration, of equal importance to the Apollo 8 mission in 1968, when the far side of the Moon was seen by humans for the first time.

To analyse the data captured from the Yutu-2 rover, which used ground-penetrating radar (GPR), we developed a tool that could detect in much greater detail the layers beneath the Moon’s surface than had ever been done before. It was also able to provide insights into how the planet evolved.

The far side of the Moon is of great importance due to its interesting geological formations, but this hidden side also blocks all the electromagnetic noise from human activity, making it an ideal place to build radio telescopes.

Ground penetrating radar

Orbiter radars have been used for planetary sciences since the early 2000s, but the recent Chinese and US rover missions were the first to use ground-penetrating radar on site. This ground-breaking radar is now set to become part of the scientific payload of future planetary missions, where it will be used to map the subsurface of landing sites and shed light on what is happening below the ground.

GPR has also the ability to retrieve significant information regarding the type of planetary soils and their subsurface layers. This information can be used to get an insight into the geological evolution of an area and even assess its structural stability for future planetary bases and research stations.

Perseverance and Tianwen-1 are currently active, and the first GPR images from Mars are expected to be published in 2022. But the first available planetary on-site GPR data was from the Chang’E-3, E-4 and E-5 lunar missions, where it was used to investigate the structure of surface layers of the far side of the Moon, and provide valuable information about the geological evolution of the area.

Despite the benefits of GPR, one major drawback is its inability to detect layers with smooth boundaries between them. This means gradual variations from one layer to another go undetected, giving the false impression that the subsurface consists of a homogenous block, while in fact it may be a much more complex structure representing a completely different geological history.

Our team developed a new method capable of detecting these layers by using the radar signatures of hidden rocks and boulders. The newly developed tool has been used to process the GPR data captured by Chang’E-4’s Yutu-2 rover which landed in the Von Kármán crater, part of the Aitken Basin at the Moon’s south pole.

The Aitken basin is the biggest and oldest known crater, believed to have been created by a meteoroid impact that penetrated the crust of the Moon and uplifted materials from the top mantle (the interior layer just below it). Our detection tool revealed a previously unseen layered structure in the first 10m of the lunar surface, which had been understood to be one homogenous block.

Using our method, we can make more accurate estimations regarding the depth of the top surface of lunar soil, which is an important way to determine the stability and strength of the soil foundation for developing lunar bases and research stations.

This newly discovered complex layered structure also suggests that small craters are more important and may have contributed much more than previously believed to the materials deposited by meteorite strikes – and the overall evolution of lunar craters.

This means we will have a more coherent understanding of the complex geological history of our satellite, and enable us to predict more accurately what lies beneath the surface of the Moon.


We wish to say thanks to the author of this short article for this awesome web content

A new era of planetary exploration: what we discovered on the far side of the Moon

" } ["summary"]=> string(703) "Seven months after it was launched, the US robotic rover Perseverance successfully landed on Mars on February 18 2021. The landing was part of the mission March2020 and was viewed live by millions of people worldwide, reflecting the renewed global interest in space exploration. It was soon followed by China’s Tianwen-1, an interplanetary Mars mission ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(7572) "

Seven months after it was launched, the US robotic rover Perseverance successfully landed on Mars on February 18 2021. The landing was part of the mission March2020 and was viewed live by millions of people worldwide, reflecting the renewed global interest in space exploration. It was soon followed by China’s Tianwen-1, an interplanetary Mars mission consisting of an orbiter, lander and rover called Zhourong.

Perseverance and Zhourong were the fifth and sixth planetary rovers deployed in the last decade. The first one was America’s Curiosity which landed on Mars in 2012, followed by China’s three Chang’E missions.

In 2019 the Chang’E-4 lander and its Yutu-2 rover were the first human objects landed on the far side of the Moon – the side that faces away from the Earth. This marked a pivotal milestone in planetary exploration, of equal importance to the Apollo 8 mission in 1968, when the far side of the Moon was seen by humans for the first time.

To analyse the data captured from the Yutu-2 rover, which used ground-penetrating radar (GPR), we developed a tool that could detect in much greater detail the layers beneath the Moon’s surface than had ever been done before. It was also able to provide insights into how the planet evolved.

The far side of the Moon is of great importance due to its interesting geological formations, but this hidden side also blocks all the electromagnetic noise from human activity, making it an ideal place to build radio telescopes.

Ground penetrating radar

Orbiter radars have been used for planetary sciences since the early 2000s, but the recent Chinese and US rover missions were the first to use ground-penetrating radar on site. This ground-breaking radar is now set to become part of the scientific payload of future planetary missions, where it will be used to map the subsurface of landing sites and shed light on what is happening below the ground.

GPR has also the ability to retrieve significant information regarding the type of planetary soils and their subsurface layers. This information can be used to get an insight into the geological evolution of an area and even assess its structural stability for future planetary bases and research stations.

Perseverance and Tianwen-1 are currently active, and the first GPR images from Mars are expected to be published in 2022. But the first available planetary on-site GPR data was from the Chang’E-3, E-4 and E-5 lunar missions, where it was used to investigate the structure of surface layers of the far side of the Moon, and provide valuable information about the geological evolution of the area.

Despite the benefits of GPR, one major drawback is its inability to detect layers with smooth boundaries between them. This means gradual variations from one layer to another go undetected, giving the false impression that the subsurface consists of a homogenous block, while in fact it may be a much more complex structure representing a completely different geological history.

Our team developed a new method capable of detecting these layers by using the radar signatures of hidden rocks and boulders. The newly developed tool has been used to process the GPR data captured by Chang’E-4’s Yutu-2 rover which landed in the Von Kármán crater, part of the Aitken Basin at the Moon’s south pole.

The Aitken basin is the biggest and oldest known crater, believed to have been created by a meteoroid impact that penetrated the crust of the Moon and uplifted materials from the top mantle (the interior layer just below it). Our detection tool revealed a previously unseen layered structure in the first 10m of the lunar surface, which had been understood to be one homogenous block.

Using our method, we can make more accurate estimations regarding the depth of the top surface of lunar soil, which is an important way to determine the stability and strength of the soil foundation for developing lunar bases and research stations.

This newly discovered complex layered structure also suggests that small craters are more important and may have contributed much more than previously believed to the materials deposited by meteorite strikes – and the overall evolution of lunar craters.

This means we will have a more coherent understanding of the complex geological history of our satellite, and enable us to predict more accurately what lies beneath the surface of the Moon.


We wish to say thanks to the author of this short article for this awesome web content

A new era of planetary exploration: what we discovered on the far side of the Moon

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1636663827) } [9]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(44) "Xi Jinping has a clear path to stay in power" ["link"]=> string(70) "http://scionnewsroom.com/xi-jinping-has-a-clear-path-to-stay-in-power/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Paula Hooper" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Thu, 11 Nov 2021 20:07:25 +0000" ["category"]=> string(35) "World NewsclearJinpingPathpowerstay" ["guid"]=> string(33) "https://scionnewsroom.com/?p=4381" ["description"]=> string(565) "Chinese President Xi Jinping is seen on a big screen during a newscast at a shopping mall in Beijing on November 11, 2021. NOEL CELIS / AFP The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is about to undertake “a new journey,” but absolutely not to change captains. As expected, the 348 members (197 incumbents and 151 substitutes) ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4473) "

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is about to undertake “a new journey,” but absolutely not to change captains. As expected, the 348 members (197 incumbents and 151 substitutes) of the sixth plenum of the CPC Central Committee on Thursday, November 11, approved a resolution which, in effect, allows Xi Jinping to remain in power after the XXe party congress, convened for the “Second half of 2022”.

“The central committee calls on the whole party, the army and all the Chinese to unite even more closely around the central committee, with comrade Xi Jinping at the center, to fully implement Xi Jinping’s thinking on the socialism with Chinese characteristics for the new era ”, can we read in the penultimate paragraph.

Party Secretary General, President of the Republic and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Xi Jinping amended the Constitution in 2018, which limited to two the number of terms of President of the Republic that a single official could exercise. A limit established in 1982 by Deng Xiaoping to avoid any Maoist drift. Elected Secretary General in 2012 and President of the Republic in 2013, Xi Jinping will not be forced to leave power at the end of the XXe congress, in 2022.

Any criticism would constitute a dangerous Pandora’s box

On the fourteen pages (in English) of the press release published at the end of the plenum, the history of the party occupies a dozen. The Mao years (1921 to 1976) are mentioned on about two pages, as are the Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao years (period from 1976 to 2012). In contrast, the Xi Jinping years (less than a decade) are entitled to more than seven pages. Likewise, his name appears seventeen times in the press release, much more than those of Mao (seven), Deng (five), Jiang (one) and Hu (one) combined.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Xi Jinping inscribes his name in the history of the Chinese Communist Party alongside Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping

Unlike the two previous resolutions on the history of the party adopted so far – in 1945, under Mao, and, in 1981, under Deng – that of Xi Jinping does not contain any trace of self-criticism. One sentence sums it up perfectly: « The efforts of the party and the people over the past century represent the most magnificent chapter in the history of the Chinese nation, several thousand years old. “ Deng Xiaoping had judged, in 1981, that Mao’s record was positive “At 70%”. Everyone understood that in their eyes the Great Leap Forward (1958-1961) and the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) had been mistakes. One would look in vain for the slightest reference to them in the current resolution. No more, needless to add, than for the Tiananmen massacre of June 4, 1989.

You have 56.34% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We wish to thank the author of this article for this amazing content

Xi Jinping has a clear path to stay in power

" } ["summary"]=> string(565) "Chinese President Xi Jinping is seen on a big screen during a newscast at a shopping mall in Beijing on November 11, 2021. NOEL CELIS / AFP The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is about to undertake “a new journey,” but absolutely not to change captains. As expected, the 348 members (197 incumbents and 151 substitutes) ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(4473) "

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is about to undertake “a new journey,” but absolutely not to change captains. As expected, the 348 members (197 incumbents and 151 substitutes) of the sixth plenum of the CPC Central Committee on Thursday, November 11, approved a resolution which, in effect, allows Xi Jinping to remain in power after the XXe party congress, convened for the “Second half of 2022”.

“The central committee calls on the whole party, the army and all the Chinese to unite even more closely around the central committee, with comrade Xi Jinping at the center, to fully implement Xi Jinping’s thinking on the socialism with Chinese characteristics for the new era ”, can we read in the penultimate paragraph.

Party Secretary General, President of the Republic and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Xi Jinping amended the Constitution in 2018, which limited to two the number of terms of President of the Republic that a single official could exercise. A limit established in 1982 by Deng Xiaoping to avoid any Maoist drift. Elected Secretary General in 2012 and President of the Republic in 2013, Xi Jinping will not be forced to leave power at the end of the XXe congress, in 2022.

Any criticism would constitute a dangerous Pandora’s box

On the fourteen pages (in English) of the press release published at the end of the plenum, the history of the party occupies a dozen. The Mao years (1921 to 1976) are mentioned on about two pages, as are the Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao years (period from 1976 to 2012). In contrast, the Xi Jinping years (less than a decade) are entitled to more than seven pages. Likewise, his name appears seventeen times in the press release, much more than those of Mao (seven), Deng (five), Jiang (one) and Hu (one) combined.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Xi Jinping inscribes his name in the history of the Chinese Communist Party alongside Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping

Unlike the two previous resolutions on the history of the party adopted so far – in 1945, under Mao, and, in 1981, under Deng – that of Xi Jinping does not contain any trace of self-criticism. One sentence sums it up perfectly: « The efforts of the party and the people over the past century represent the most magnificent chapter in the history of the Chinese nation, several thousand years old. “ Deng Xiaoping had judged, in 1981, that Mao’s record was positive “At 70%”. Everyone understood that in their eyes the Great Leap Forward (1958-1961) and the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) had been mistakes. One would look in vain for the slightest reference to them in the current resolution. No more, needless to add, than for the Tiananmen massacre of June 4, 1989.

You have 56.34% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

We wish to thank the author of this article for this amazing content

Xi Jinping has a clear path to stay in power

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