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New News Daily
Maldives in guesthouse format, to discover local communities and traditions
Italy, Jorginho: ?The wrong penalty hurts, but we don?t lose our enthusiasm?
Perseverance Successfully Grabs First Mars Sample ? Sky & Telescope
Hospital exchanged two babies by mistake in 2002. Case has now been discovered
In Mexico, the criminalization of abortion is ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
Lockheed, Northrop Grumman Invest in Space Startup Orbit Fab
Now the RIESEN cycle paths are coming in Berlin ? BZ shows where! ? BZ Berlin
the monitoring of the Atomic Energy Agency ?seriously? hampered
NASA chief on Blue Origin protest: ?They have every right? to sue
Shape Memory Alloys for Aircraft Landing Noise Reduction

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                    [title] => Maldives in guesthouse format, to discover local communities and traditions
                    [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/maldives-in-guesthouse-format-to-discover-local-communities-and-traditions/
                    [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/maldives-in-guesthouse-format-to-discover-local-communities-and-traditions/#respond
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                            [creator] => Ashlee Holt
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                    [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 22:28:09 +0000
                    [category] => MagazinecommunitiesdiscoverformatguesthouselocalMaldivestraditions
                    [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/maldives-in-guesthouse-format-to-discover-local-communities-and-traditions/
                    [description] => Maldives always and in any case, not only in luxury resorts, but also in a guesthouse version, with numerous options for a holiday budget-oriented. The archipelago has over 600 guesthouses, from the simplest to the boutique style, which allow the traveler to live the destination like a real one local: make new friends, discover natural …
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Maldives always and in any case, not only in luxury resorts, but also in a guesthouse version, with numerous options for a holiday budget-oriented. The archipelago has over 600 guesthouses, from the simplest to the boutique style, which allow the traveler to live the destination like a real one local: make new friends, discover natural treasures or participate in daily activities. Compared to luxury resorts with their concept of one Island-one resort, the guesthouses are located on inhabited islands, this means that it is necessary to be respectful of the local community, its customs and traditions. Service and comfort vary from that of luxury resorts, but guests can enjoy experiences and activities similar to those offered by resorts such as excursions to nearby islands, water sports, snorkeling, and diving.

A few examples? The Canopus Retreats is a small, Italian-run, 12-room gem located in the most exclusive corner of Thulusdhoo Island in Kaafu Atoll, reachable by a 30-minute fast boat ride from Male International Airport. The island has about 1500 inhabitants, most of whom are fishermen. Located on Mandhoo Island in South Ari Atoll, one of the few islands with less than 500 inhabitants, the South Ari Inn, is a small luxury hotel with 7 rooms, located near the beach. Located along the white sand beaches of the inhabited island of Thinadoo il Plumeria Luxury Guest House it has the typical services of a hotel, but with the informal style of a guesthouse. The Barefoot Eco Hotel is located in Hanimaadhoo, a 45-minute flight from the International Velana Aiport: this eco-hotel has Ocean View, Family and Beach Front rooms all comfortable and surrounded by greenery.

.

) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/maldives-in-guesthouse-format-to-discover-local-communities-and-traditions/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => Maldives always and in any case, not only in luxury resorts, but also in a guesthouse version, with numerous options for a holiday budget-oriented. The archipelago has over 600 guesthouses, from the simplest to the boutique style, which allow the traveler to live the destination like a real one local: make new friends, discover natural … [atom_content] =>

Maldives always and in any case, not only in luxury resorts, but also in a guesthouse version, with numerous options for a holiday budget-oriented. The archipelago has over 600 guesthouses, from the simplest to the boutique style, which allow the traveler to live the destination like a real one local: make new friends, discover natural treasures or participate in daily activities. Compared to luxury resorts with their concept of one Island-one resort, the guesthouses are located on inhabited islands, this means that it is necessary to be respectful of the local community, its customs and traditions. Service and comfort vary from that of luxury resorts, but guests can enjoy experiences and activities similar to those offered by resorts such as excursions to nearby islands, water sports, snorkeling, and diving.

A few examples? The Canopus Retreats is a small, Italian-run, 12-room gem located in the most exclusive corner of Thulusdhoo Island in Kaafu Atoll, reachable by a 30-minute fast boat ride from Male International Airport. The island has about 1500 inhabitants, most of whom are fishermen. Located on Mandhoo Island in South Ari Atoll, one of the few islands with less than 500 inhabitants, the South Ari Inn, is a small luxury hotel with 7 rooms, located near the beach. Located along the white sand beaches of the inhabited island of Thinadoo il Plumeria Luxury Guest House it has the typical services of a hotel, but with the informal style of a guesthouse. The Barefoot Eco Hotel is located in Hanimaadhoo, a 45-minute flight from the International Velana Aiport: this eco-hotel has Ocean View, Family and Beach Front rooms all comfortable and surrounded by greenery.

.

[date_timestamp] => 1631053689 ) [1] => Array ( [title] => Italy, Jorginho: ?The wrong penalty hurts, but we don?t lose our enthusiasm? [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/italy-jorginho-the-wrong-penalty-hurts-but-we-dont-lose-our-enthusiasm/ [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/italy-jorginho-the-wrong-penalty-hurts-but-we-dont-lose-our-enthusiasm/#respond [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Sam ) [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 22:25:21 +0000 [category] => SportdontenthusiasmhurtsItalyJorgeJorginholosepenaltyworld qualifierswrong [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/italy-jorginho-the-wrong-penalty-hurts-but-we-dont-lose-our-enthusiasm/ [description] => Second consecutive draw for theItaly that, after the 1-1 with Bulgaria, did not go beyond the 0-0 against Switzerland. The Azzurri thus slow down their march towards the 2022 World Cup, waiting for the third and final match of this round of national teams to be played against Lithuania. Jorginho asks to keep the enthusiasm … [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Second consecutive draw for theItaly that, after the 1-1 with Bulgaria, did not go beyond the 0-0 against Switzerland. The Azzurri thus slow down their march towards the 2022 World Cup, waiting for the third and final match of this round of national teams to be played against Lithuania. Jorginho asks to keep the enthusiasm high: “We hope that these two draws depend only on the fact that we are in September, in a running-in phase – the words of the midfielder to Rai Sport – We played two good games but the ball did not enter. We must stay clear and calm. Football is like this, we know: there is no answer to the question of why the goal did not come. We have to correct the negative points, but without forgetting the many positives. Lithuania? Obviously we have to go back to winning them, to do it you need enthusiasm. Let’s not get down. To those who ask if we believe in ourselves, I answer ‘Of course yes’. Also because, if we don’t, who should believe in this Italy? You certainly not … The nine million viewers for the match against Switzerland are delighted. It’s time to feel warmth and support, now that you don’t win. “

“The goalkeepers are studying me, I’ll do it too”

read also



Verratti and Pellegrini leave the blue retreat

He discusses Jorginho’s second consecutive mistake from the spot. The midfielder, after making a mistake in the final against England, also failed against Switzerland: “Wrong penalty hurts. I am very angry. It hurts, sorry for the team that deserved to win, that was an opportunity to unlock the game at an important moment. I’ll take the responsibility. I think the goalkeepers are on me studying, I’ll start studying them too. I’m already thinking about how to pull them. Error due to fatigue? I felt good, afterwards it was tough but I breathed deeply and I thought there was still a lot to play. “

.

) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/italy-jorginho-the-wrong-penalty-hurts-but-we-dont-lose-our-enthusiasm/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => Second consecutive draw for theItaly that, after the 1-1 with Bulgaria, did not go beyond the 0-0 against Switzerland. The Azzurri thus slow down their march towards the 2022 World Cup, waiting for the third and final match of this round of national teams to be played against Lithuania. Jorginho asks to keep the enthusiasm … [atom_content] =>

Second consecutive draw for theItaly that, after the 1-1 with Bulgaria, did not go beyond the 0-0 against Switzerland. The Azzurri thus slow down their march towards the 2022 World Cup, waiting for the third and final match of this round of national teams to be played against Lithuania. Jorginho asks to keep the enthusiasm high: “We hope that these two draws depend only on the fact that we are in September, in a running-in phase – the words of the midfielder to Rai Sport – We played two good games but the ball did not enter. We must stay clear and calm. Football is like this, we know: there is no answer to the question of why the goal did not come. We have to correct the negative points, but without forgetting the many positives. Lithuania? Obviously we have to go back to winning them, to do it you need enthusiasm. Let’s not get down. To those who ask if we believe in ourselves, I answer ‘Of course yes’. Also because, if we don’t, who should believe in this Italy? You certainly not … The nine million viewers for the match against Switzerland are delighted. It’s time to feel warmth and support, now that you don’t win. “

“The goalkeepers are studying me, I’ll do it too”

read also



Verratti and Pellegrini leave the blue retreat

He discusses Jorginho’s second consecutive mistake from the spot. The midfielder, after making a mistake in the final against England, also failed against Switzerland: “Wrong penalty hurts. I am very angry. It hurts, sorry for the team that deserved to win, that was an opportunity to unlock the game at an important moment. I’ll take the responsibility. I think the goalkeepers are on me studying, I’ll start studying them too. I’m already thinking about how to pull them. Error due to fatigue? I felt good, afterwards it was tough but I breathed deeply and I thought there was still a lot to play. “

.

[date_timestamp] => 1631053521 ) [2] => Array ( [title] => Perseverance Successfully Grabs First Mars Sample ? Sky & Telescope [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/perseverance-successfully-grabs-first-mars-sample-sky-telescope/ [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/perseverance-successfully-grabs-first-mars-sample-sky-telescope/#respond [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Peter Paul ) [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 22:21:18 +0000 [category] => SpaceGrabsMarsPerseveranceSampleskySuccessfullytelescope [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/perseverance-successfully-grabs-first-mars-sample-sky-telescope/ [description] => The hole drilled during Perseverance’s first sample collection in the Rochette rock. NASA / JPL-Caltech After a tense start to the sample collection campaign for NASA?s Perseverance rover on August 5th, researchers finally confirmed on September 6th that the rover has successfully collected a pencil-size core from Jezero Crater on Mars. ?NASA has a history … [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The hole drilled during Perseverance’s first sample collection in the Rochette rock.
NASA / JPL-Caltech

After a tense start to the sample collection campaign for NASA?s Perseverance rover on August 5th, researchers finally confirmed on September 6th that the rover has successfully collected a pencil-size core from Jezero Crater on Mars.

?NASA has a history of setting ambitious goals and then accomplishing them, reflecting the nation?s commitment to discovery and innovation,? says NASA administrator Bill Nelson in a recent press release. ?This is a momentous achievement and I can?t wait to see the incredible discoveries produced by Perseverance and our team.?

The sampling process began on September 1st, when the rover deployed the rotary-percussive drill on the end of its robotic arm to drill a core sample from the small table-size rock dubbed ?Rochette.? This boulder is part of a 1-kilometer (half-mile)-long ridgeline named ?Artuby.?

The Mastcam-Z camera documented the initial collection process, and preliminary success was announced on September 3rd.

However, mission controllers had to wait for a better sun angle to see deep inside the tube to ensure that the sample had really been collected. The team uses a ?percuss to ingest? maneuver during collection, vibrating the tube and drill bit several times to clear the outer tube edge of residue in preparation for sealing. This can cause the collected material to slide further into the tube, out of the initial visibility of Mastcam-Z if the lighting isn?t favorable.

Perseverance ran into problems on its first sampling sampling attempt in August, when a sampling run came up empty. Team members think that rock fragmented as the drill ?rotary-percussed? into it. (The initial sample did, however, collect Martian atmosphere, so not all was lost.) That’s why the team really wanted the images to confirm a successful run ? and now, new images show the second attempt was indeed successful.

CacheCam view of first sample
CacheCam confirms the first core sample collection.
NASA / JPL-Caltech

The rover moved this first sample tube, with serial number 266, to the Sampling and Caching System, where it was measured, imaged, and hermetically sealed. With more than 3,000 moving parts, the caching system is one of the most complex mechanisms ever fielded on a rover or spacecraft.

Perseverance has 43 sample tubes and five empty ?witness tubes? used to gauge the baseline environment prior to collection. Ultimately, the team wants to collect at least 20 samples from Jezero Crater.

?Getting the first sample under our belt is a huge milestone,? says Ken Farley (JPL-Caltech) in a recent press release. ?When we get these samples back on Earth, they are going to tell us a great deal about some of the earliest chapters in the evolution of Mars.?

Martian Geology

Scientists think the exposed Artuby ridgeline that Perseverance is exploring contains exposed layers of ancient bedrock. The rover’s first collection campaign will have it travel between 2.5 and 5 kilometers back to the original Octavia E. Butler landing site. It will collect samples of this ancient rock along the way, filling up to eight tubes.

From there, Perseverance will head to the northwest to another intriguing area: the fan-shaped delta, where an ancient river spilled into Jezero. This region should be rich in clay deposits.

Sealed Tube
The first verified sample tube of Martian soil, sealed and verified by CacheCam.
NASA / JPL-Caltech

Unlike other landers and rovers, Perseverance is explicitly designed to be an astrobiology mission, and looks to specifically address the question of whether or not life once existed on Mars. Characterizing the past geology and climate of Jezero are key to that exploration.

Perseverance will eventually deposit the collected sample tubes for eventual pickup and Earth return by a future mission. Northrop Grumman is already contracted to build the propulsion system for the Mars ascent vehicle for Earth return, and the European Space Agency will collaborate with NASA for the sample return mission and in-depth analysis back on Earth sometime in the coming decade.

Congrats to the Perseverance team on a first successful sample collection, and many more to come!


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) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/perseverance-successfully-grabs-first-mars-sample-sky-telescope/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => The hole drilled during Perseverance’s first sample collection in the Rochette rock. NASA / JPL-Caltech After a tense start to the sample collection campaign for NASA?s Perseverance rover on August 5th, researchers finally confirmed on September 6th that the rover has successfully collected a pencil-size core from Jezero Crater on Mars. ?NASA has a history … [atom_content] =>

The hole drilled during Perseverance’s first sample collection in the Rochette rock.
NASA / JPL-Caltech

After a tense start to the sample collection campaign for NASA?s Perseverance rover on August 5th, researchers finally confirmed on September 6th that the rover has successfully collected a pencil-size core from Jezero Crater on Mars.

?NASA has a history of setting ambitious goals and then accomplishing them, reflecting the nation?s commitment to discovery and innovation,? says NASA administrator Bill Nelson in a recent press release. ?This is a momentous achievement and I can?t wait to see the incredible discoveries produced by Perseverance and our team.?

The sampling process began on September 1st, when the rover deployed the rotary-percussive drill on the end of its robotic arm to drill a core sample from the small table-size rock dubbed ?Rochette.? This boulder is part of a 1-kilometer (half-mile)-long ridgeline named ?Artuby.?

The Mastcam-Z camera documented the initial collection process, and preliminary success was announced on September 3rd.

However, mission controllers had to wait for a better sun angle to see deep inside the tube to ensure that the sample had really been collected. The team uses a ?percuss to ingest? maneuver during collection, vibrating the tube and drill bit several times to clear the outer tube edge of residue in preparation for sealing. This can cause the collected material to slide further into the tube, out of the initial visibility of Mastcam-Z if the lighting isn?t favorable.

Perseverance ran into problems on its first sampling sampling attempt in August, when a sampling run came up empty. Team members think that rock fragmented as the drill ?rotary-percussed? into it. (The initial sample did, however, collect Martian atmosphere, so not all was lost.) That’s why the team really wanted the images to confirm a successful run ? and now, new images show the second attempt was indeed successful.

CacheCam view of first sample
CacheCam confirms the first core sample collection.
NASA / JPL-Caltech

The rover moved this first sample tube, with serial number 266, to the Sampling and Caching System, where it was measured, imaged, and hermetically sealed. With more than 3,000 moving parts, the caching system is one of the most complex mechanisms ever fielded on a rover or spacecraft.

Perseverance has 43 sample tubes and five empty ?witness tubes? used to gauge the baseline environment prior to collection. Ultimately, the team wants to collect at least 20 samples from Jezero Crater.

?Getting the first sample under our belt is a huge milestone,? says Ken Farley (JPL-Caltech) in a recent press release. ?When we get these samples back on Earth, they are going to tell us a great deal about some of the earliest chapters in the evolution of Mars.?

Martian Geology

Scientists think the exposed Artuby ridgeline that Perseverance is exploring contains exposed layers of ancient bedrock. The rover’s first collection campaign will have it travel between 2.5 and 5 kilometers back to the original Octavia E. Butler landing site. It will collect samples of this ancient rock along the way, filling up to eight tubes.

From there, Perseverance will head to the northwest to another intriguing area: the fan-shaped delta, where an ancient river spilled into Jezero. This region should be rich in clay deposits.

Sealed Tube
The first verified sample tube of Martian soil, sealed and verified by CacheCam.
NASA / JPL-Caltech

Unlike other landers and rovers, Perseverance is explicitly designed to be an astrobiology mission, and looks to specifically address the question of whether or not life once existed on Mars. Characterizing the past geology and climate of Jezero are key to that exploration.

Perseverance will eventually deposit the collected sample tubes for eventual pickup and Earth return by a future mission. Northrop Grumman is already contracted to build the propulsion system for the Mars ascent vehicle for Earth return, and the European Space Agency will collaborate with NASA for the sample return mission and in-depth analysis back on Earth sometime in the coming decade.

Congrats to the Perseverance team on a first successful sample collection, and many more to come!


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[date_timestamp] => 1631053278 ) [3] => Array ( [title] => Hospital exchanged two babies by mistake in 2002. Case has now been discovered [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/hospital-exchanged-two-babies-by-mistake-in-2002-case-has-now-been-discovered/ [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/hospital-exchanged-two-babies-by-mistake-in-2002-case-has-now-been-discovered/#respond [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Susan Hally ) [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 22:08:15 +0000 [category] => InternationalbabiescasecountryCulturediscoveredeconomyexchangedfamehospitalmistakeNationalnewsPOLITICSSoccersportTechnologyworld [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/hospital-exchanged-two-babies-by-mistake-in-2002-case-has-now-been-discovered/ [description] => Dtwo babies were exchanged in 2002 in a public hospital in Rioja, Spain, ending up living with families that were not their own for nearly two decades According to the newspaper La Rioja, one of the victims, a 19-year-old girl who discovered the error through a DNA test, is now claiming compensation of three million … [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Dtwo babies were exchanged in 2002 in a public hospital in Rioja, Spain, ending up living with families that were not their own for nearly two decades

According to the newspaper La Rioja, one of the victims, a 19-year-old girl who discovered the error through a DNA test, is now claiming compensation of three million euros from the Ministry of Health for the damage caused. So far, the other affected family, who will have been informed of the alleged negligence, has not reacted.

Also according to the same publication, the two girls, who were born on the same day, were exchanged in the now extinct hospital of San Millán, in Logroño. The babies will have been born five hours apart and with a light weight. Both were immediately placed in incubators and that is where the identity exchange took place.

The young woman now seeking compensation, whose name has not been revealed, was raised in a complicated family environment and educated by her (non-biological) grandmother.

The first suspicion that something was happening arose in 2017, after the alleged mother sued her ex-partner for not taking care of her alleged daughter.

The disputes ended in a DNA test that revealed the man was not the teenager’s father. In view of this result, analyzes were also carried out on the mother, which showed that she was not genetically related to her daughter.

When she turned 16, the injured party hired a lawyer to take the case to court. Meanwhile, the Sanitary Inspection of La Rioja initiated an investigation and came to the conclusion that there was an exchange of babies.

At the moment, two legal proceedings related to the case are underway. One, under the responsibility of the Public Ministry, which intends to defend the rights of minors and correct the affiliation process.

Another on behalf of the only plaintiff who is claiming three million euros for the damages caused.

The Health Minister of Rioja, Sara Alba, has already reacted to the process. “It’s a case that happened almost two decades ago. It was a human error and, as the hospital no longer exists, it has not yet been possible to conclude who made the same mistake,” said the government official.

Read Also: A quarter of babies born in the Algarve are born to a foreign mother

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Fifth consecutive year Consumer Choice for Online Press.
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) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/hospital-exchanged-two-babies-by-mistake-in-2002-case-has-now-been-discovered/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => Dtwo babies were exchanged in 2002 in a public hospital in Rioja, Spain, ending up living with families that were not their own for nearly two decades According to the newspaper La Rioja, one of the victims, a 19-year-old girl who discovered the error through a DNA test, is now claiming compensation of three million … [atom_content] =>

Dtwo babies were exchanged in 2002 in a public hospital in Rioja, Spain, ending up living with families that were not their own for nearly two decades

According to the newspaper La Rioja, one of the victims, a 19-year-old girl who discovered the error through a DNA test, is now claiming compensation of three million euros from the Ministry of Health for the damage caused. So far, the other affected family, who will have been informed of the alleged negligence, has not reacted.

Also according to the same publication, the two girls, who were born on the same day, were exchanged in the now extinct hospital of San Millán, in Logroño. The babies will have been born five hours apart and with a light weight. Both were immediately placed in incubators and that is where the identity exchange took place.

The young woman now seeking compensation, whose name has not been revealed, was raised in a complicated family environment and educated by her (non-biological) grandmother.

The first suspicion that something was happening arose in 2017, after the alleged mother sued her ex-partner for not taking care of her alleged daughter.

The disputes ended in a DNA test that revealed the man was not the teenager’s father. In view of this result, analyzes were also carried out on the mother, which showed that she was not genetically related to her daughter.

When she turned 16, the injured party hired a lawyer to take the case to court. Meanwhile, the Sanitary Inspection of La Rioja initiated an investigation and came to the conclusion that there was an exchange of babies.

At the moment, two legal proceedings related to the case are underway. One, under the responsibility of the Public Ministry, which intends to defend the rights of minors and correct the affiliation process.

Another on behalf of the only plaintiff who is claiming three million euros for the damages caused.

The Health Minister of Rioja, Sara Alba, has already reacted to the process. “It’s a case that happened almost two decades ago. It was a human error and, as the hospital no longer exists, it has not yet been possible to conclude who made the same mistake,” said the government official.

Read Also: A quarter of babies born in the Algarve are born to a foreign mother

Always be the first to know.
Fifth consecutive year Consumer Choice for Online Press.
Download our free App.

Google Play Download

.

[date_timestamp] => 1631052495 ) [4] => Array ( [title] => In Mexico, the criminalization of abortion is ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/in-mexico-the-criminalization-of-abortion-is-ruled-unconstitutional-by-the-supreme-court/ [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/in-mexico-the-criminalization-of-abortion-is-ruled-unconstitutional-by-the-supreme-court/#respond [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Susan ) [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 21:33:16 +0000 [category] => AmericasabortioncourtcriminalizationMexicoruledSupremeunconstitutional [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/in-mexico-the-criminalization-of-abortion-is-ruled-unconstitutional-by-the-supreme-court/ [description] => Women protest for the right to a legal and safe abortion in Mexico City in February 2021. EDGARD GARRIDO / REUTERS With the entry into force of a particularly restrictive law on abortion in Texas, the international horizon of the right of women to dispose of their bodies has brightened. The Supreme Court of Mexico … [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

With the entry into force of a particularly restrictive law on abortion in Texas, the international horizon of the right of women to dispose of their bodies has brightened. The Supreme Court of Mexico ruled unconstitutional the criminalization of abortion, in a vote on Tuesday, September 7, unanimously.

“This is one more step in the historic struggle for equality [des femmes], dignity and the full exercise of their rights ?, said the President of the Court, Arturo Zaldivar. This vote paves the way for access to abortion for all women in the country. “From now on, it will not be possible, without violating the criteria of the tribunal and the Constitution, to prosecute a woman who aborts in the cases validated by this tribunal”, underlined Mr. Zaldivar.

Read also In Mexico, fierce battle over the right to abortion

The decision follows a two-day plenary session of the court, which met to consider the constitutionality of articles of the penal code of the state of Coahuila, in northern Mexico. These articles punish women who have abortions, with sentences of up to three years in prison. They were thus declared unconstitutional by the unanimity of the ten judges present, which establishes a case law for the courts of the country.

Abortion allowed up to twelve weeks in Mexico City

A judicial source explained that this judgment has indeed a national scope, because it will allow women who live in states where abortion is criminalized to have access to abortion by decision of a judge.

“The woman must ask [aux services de santé] to perform the abortion, and if they refuse to do so, she may appear before a judge and file an appeal. The judge will now have the power to order that abortion be performed. “, explained Alex Alí Méndez, constitutional lawyer and expert on abortion issues. Another consequence of the Supreme Court ruling, the lawyer added, is that it will be a tool for women imprisoned for having abortions to regain their freedom.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also The legalization of abortion in Argentina, such a long struggle

Mexico is a federated country where the states are autonomous in the adoption of their laws, but the latter can be invalidated by means of an appeal when they contravene decisions of the Supreme Court which make jurisprudence, such as this one. this. Mexico City decriminalized abortion up to twelve weeks gestation in 2007, and it is performed free of charge in city hall clinics whether or not women live in the neighborhood. The states of Oaxaca, Veracruz and Hidalgo also apply the same policy.

The World with AFP

) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/in-mexico-the-criminalization-of-abortion-is-ruled-unconstitutional-by-the-supreme-court/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => Women protest for the right to a legal and safe abortion in Mexico City in February 2021. EDGARD GARRIDO / REUTERS With the entry into force of a particularly restrictive law on abortion in Texas, the international horizon of the right of women to dispose of their bodies has brightened. The Supreme Court of Mexico … [atom_content] =>

With the entry into force of a particularly restrictive law on abortion in Texas, the international horizon of the right of women to dispose of their bodies has brightened. The Supreme Court of Mexico ruled unconstitutional the criminalization of abortion, in a vote on Tuesday, September 7, unanimously.

“This is one more step in the historic struggle for equality [des femmes], dignity and the full exercise of their rights ?, said the President of the Court, Arturo Zaldivar. This vote paves the way for access to abortion for all women in the country. “From now on, it will not be possible, without violating the criteria of the tribunal and the Constitution, to prosecute a woman who aborts in the cases validated by this tribunal”, underlined Mr. Zaldivar.

Read also In Mexico, fierce battle over the right to abortion

The decision follows a two-day plenary session of the court, which met to consider the constitutionality of articles of the penal code of the state of Coahuila, in northern Mexico. These articles punish women who have abortions, with sentences of up to three years in prison. They were thus declared unconstitutional by the unanimity of the ten judges present, which establishes a case law for the courts of the country.

Abortion allowed up to twelve weeks in Mexico City

A judicial source explained that this judgment has indeed a national scope, because it will allow women who live in states where abortion is criminalized to have access to abortion by decision of a judge.

“The woman must ask [aux services de santé] to perform the abortion, and if they refuse to do so, she may appear before a judge and file an appeal. The judge will now have the power to order that abortion be performed. “, explained Alex Alí Méndez, constitutional lawyer and expert on abortion issues. Another consequence of the Supreme Court ruling, the lawyer added, is that it will be a tool for women imprisoned for having abortions to regain their freedom.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also The legalization of abortion in Argentina, such a long struggle

Mexico is a federated country where the states are autonomous in the adoption of their laws, but the latter can be invalidated by means of an appeal when they contravene decisions of the Supreme Court which make jurisprudence, such as this one. this. Mexico City decriminalized abortion up to twelve weeks gestation in 2007, and it is performed free of charge in city hall clinics whether or not women live in the neighborhood. The states of Oaxaca, Veracruz and Hidalgo also apply the same policy.

The World with AFP

[date_timestamp] => 1631050396 ) [5] => Array ( [title] => Lockheed, Northrop Grumman Invest in Space Startup Orbit Fab [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/lockheed-northrop-grumman-invest-in-space-startup-orbit-fab/ [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/lockheed-northrop-grumman-invest-in-space-startup-orbit-fab/#respond [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Peter Paul ) [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 21:20:22 +0000 [category] => SpaceAerospaceAerospace and Defenseaerospace productsAerospace Products/PartsAerospace/DefenseCapital Expenditurecorporatecorporate strategyCorporate Strategy/PlanningCorporate/Industrial Newsdefensedefense equipmentDefense Equipment/ProductsDJIADow Jones Industrial AverageFabFDXFedExgeneral newsGrummanGuided MissilesIndustrial Goodsindustrial newsinvestLMTLockheedLockheed MartinMilitary AircraftMNTSMomentusnightNorthropNorthrop GrummanorbitpartsplanningpoliticalPolitical/General NewsproductsS&P 500 IndexsatellitesSINspaceSpace explorationSpace Exploration/TravelSpace VehiclesSPXstartuptravel [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/lockheed-northrop-grumman-invest-in-space-startup-orbit-fab/ [description] => Text size A Lockheed transport plane taking off from southern England last month. Justin Tallis/AFP via Getty Images As the commercial space economy heats up, existing players in the aerospace and defense industry are looking to invest in the latest technology, just like the proliferating crop of space startups. The aerospace and defense giants Lockheed … [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Text size

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) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/lockheed-northrop-grumman-invest-in-space-startup-orbit-fab/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => Text size A Lockheed transport plane taking off from southern England last month. Justin Tallis/AFP via Getty Images As the commercial space economy heats up, existing players in the aerospace and defense industry are looking to invest in the latest technology, just like the proliferating crop of space startups. The aerospace and defense giants Lockheed … [atom_content] =>

Text size

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[date_timestamp] => 1631049622 ) [6] => Array ( [title] => Now the RIESEN cycle paths are coming in Berlin ? BZ shows where! ? BZ Berlin [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/now-the-riesen-cycle-paths-are-coming-in-berlin-bz-shows-where-bz-berlin/ [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/now-the-riesen-cycle-paths-are-coming-in-berlin-bz-shows-where-bz-berlin/#respond [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Susan Hally ) [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 21:06:51 +0000 [category] => InternationalAutoBerlinBerlin CurrentBerlin NewsBerlin SenateBerlin trafficBike pathbike streetComingcyclepathsRed-red-greenRegine GüntherRIESENshowsTo go biking [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/now-the-riesen-cycle-paths-are-coming-in-berlin-bz-shows-where-bz-berlin/ [description] => B.Z. The Berlin Senate is building a new bike network for the capital: 865 kilometers long – and 2.50 meters wide! by Hildburg Bruns and Lisa Machleidt Now the Senate is showing where to go! The red routes on the Berlin map (see below) are to be expanded for cyclists over the next eight years: … [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The Berlin Senate is building a new bike network for the capital: 865 kilometers long – and 2.50 meters wide!

by Hildburg Bruns and Lisa Machleidt

Now the Senate is showing where to go! The red routes on the Berlin map (see below) are to be expanded for cyclists over the next eight years: 865 kilometers with a standard width of 2.50 meters. Later it should even be more than 3000 kilometers. The giant bike paths are coming!

“With the new cycling plan, Berlin will become a cycling city in the coming years with a level of quality that is unique in Germany”, promises Transport Senator Regine Günther (58, Greens).

Berlin's Transport Senator Regine Günther (Bündnis90 / Die Grünen) (Photo: picture alliance / dpa)
Berlin’s Transport Senator Regine Günther (Bündnis90 / Die Grünen) (Photo: picture alliance / dpa)

But it is also clear that the expansion is at the expense of the motorist. According to the Statistics Office, they currently have 5,480 kilometers of road at their disposal.

Jan Thomsen (51), spokesman for the traffic senate, clarifies: “Since we do not want to cut down street trees and there is only limited space, wider bike paths are at the expense of parked traffic or one lane.”

Berliners now cover around 20 percent of their average distances (5-10 km) on the saddle. At some counting stations (Markstrasse, Frankfurter Allee, Prinzregentenstrasse), bicycle traffic has increased by a third since 2018. The goal: By the end of the decade, a quarter of all trips should be made by bike, safety and satisfaction should increase significantly.

So far, Berlin’s main route network is only about half as long (494 kilometers) and certainly not that well developed.

Pedalers should not only be wider, but also faster on the future 865 km priority network: they should have to wait less than drivers at traffic lights, so they should start their green phases sooner. Cyclists shouldn’t lose more than 35 seconds per kilometer by stopping and waiting.

A prerequisite is that all schools, S-Bahn and U-Bahn stations are connected and are no more than 200 meters away from the route. The routes (often parallel to main roads) should be passable at 25 km / h. In winter, they must be cleared by 7 a.m. in the event of snow and ice. A green wave is planned for cyclists with an average speed of 18 to 20 km / h.


also read

? Dispute over new cycle paths – cyclists protest with people bollards

? Under and along the subway – new bike madness for Skalitzer Straße!


The annual expansion steps are fixed: in the coming year 40 km, then 60 km (2023), 100 km (2024), 150 km (2025), 250 km each (2026/27). That means a start with 3.5 km / year up to 29 km / year per district.

The expansion of the supplementary network is to begin in 2025 – 1506 kilometers in total, but here with a width of only 2.30 meters. In addition, there are 100 kilometers of bicycle motorway (3 meters in each direction) and 550 kilometers of main roads – more than 3000 kilometers in all.

It is still open whether the new cycle paths will also be coated in green. They discourage illegal parking and increase the cyclist’s feeling of security. But the five-year model test is still running.

In green areas and parks, pedestrians continue to have priority, if the new expansion standards do not apply.


From Kuhdorf to green paths – the history of the bike in Berlin is quite young.

? 1891: Bicycles are allowed on Berlin’s streets. Exceptions: Unter den Linden, Friedrichstrasse.

? 1893: Permitted on all roads without exception.

? 1899: 258 cyclists are arrested in Spandau. They had used the pedestrian path across the Havel and had to pay a fine of three marks.

? 1899: The first cycle path on Schloßstraße is planned in Charlottenburg.

1929: A new cycle path was laid out on Bornholmer Straße (Wedding) (Photo: ullstein bild via Getty Images)
1929: A new cycle path was laid out on Bornholmer Straße (Wedding) (Photo: ullstein bild via Getty Images)

? 1933: The police are supposed to collect bikes that are not properly lit in the dark.

? 1948: A cement cycling track opens in the Werner Seelenbinder Stadium (Neukölln).

? 1977: First bicycle rally in West Berlin.

1930s: You also had to be careful on a separate cycle path - a hydrant is in the way here (Photo: ullstein bild - Süddeutsche Zei)
1930s: You also had to be careful on a separate cycle path – a hydrant is in the way here (Photo: ullstein bild – Süddeutsche Zei)

? 1998: Transport Minister Matthias Wissmann announces that 150 km of cycle paths will be expanded around Berlin.

? 2000: First car-free Sunday on the Straße des 17. Juni

? 2018: First green cycle path in Friedrichshain.

.

) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/now-the-riesen-cycle-paths-are-coming-in-berlin-bz-shows-where-bz-berlin/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => B.Z. The Berlin Senate is building a new bike network for the capital: 865 kilometers long – and 2.50 meters wide! by Hildburg Bruns and Lisa Machleidt Now the Senate is showing where to go! The red routes on the Berlin map (see below) are to be expanded for cyclists over the next eight years: … [atom_content] =>

The Berlin Senate is building a new bike network for the capital: 865 kilometers long – and 2.50 meters wide!

by Hildburg Bruns and Lisa Machleidt

Now the Senate is showing where to go! The red routes on the Berlin map (see below) are to be expanded for cyclists over the next eight years: 865 kilometers with a standard width of 2.50 meters. Later it should even be more than 3000 kilometers. The giant bike paths are coming!

“With the new cycling plan, Berlin will become a cycling city in the coming years with a level of quality that is unique in Germany”, promises Transport Senator Regine Günther (58, Greens).

Berlin's Transport Senator Regine Günther (Bündnis90 / Die Grünen) (Photo: picture alliance / dpa)
Berlin’s Transport Senator Regine Günther (Bündnis90 / Die Grünen) (Photo: picture alliance / dpa)

But it is also clear that the expansion is at the expense of the motorist. According to the Statistics Office, they currently have 5,480 kilometers of road at their disposal.

Jan Thomsen (51), spokesman for the traffic senate, clarifies: “Since we do not want to cut down street trees and there is only limited space, wider bike paths are at the expense of parked traffic or one lane.”

Berliners now cover around 20 percent of their average distances (5-10 km) on the saddle. At some counting stations (Markstrasse, Frankfurter Allee, Prinzregentenstrasse), bicycle traffic has increased by a third since 2018. The goal: By the end of the decade, a quarter of all trips should be made by bike, safety and satisfaction should increase significantly.

So far, Berlin’s main route network is only about half as long (494 kilometers) and certainly not that well developed.

Pedalers should not only be wider, but also faster on the future 865 km priority network: they should have to wait less than drivers at traffic lights, so they should start their green phases sooner. Cyclists shouldn’t lose more than 35 seconds per kilometer by stopping and waiting.

A prerequisite is that all schools, S-Bahn and U-Bahn stations are connected and are no more than 200 meters away from the route. The routes (often parallel to main roads) should be passable at 25 km / h. In winter, they must be cleared by 7 a.m. in the event of snow and ice. A green wave is planned for cyclists with an average speed of 18 to 20 km / h.


also read

? Dispute over new cycle paths – cyclists protest with people bollards

? Under and along the subway – new bike madness for Skalitzer Straße!


The annual expansion steps are fixed: in the coming year 40 km, then 60 km (2023), 100 km (2024), 150 km (2025), 250 km each (2026/27). That means a start with 3.5 km / year up to 29 km / year per district.

The expansion of the supplementary network is to begin in 2025 – 1506 kilometers in total, but here with a width of only 2.30 meters. In addition, there are 100 kilometers of bicycle motorway (3 meters in each direction) and 550 kilometers of main roads – more than 3000 kilometers in all.

It is still open whether the new cycle paths will also be coated in green. They discourage illegal parking and increase the cyclist’s feeling of security. But the five-year model test is still running.

In green areas and parks, pedestrians continue to have priority, if the new expansion standards do not apply.


From Kuhdorf to green paths – the history of the bike in Berlin is quite young.

? 1891: Bicycles are allowed on Berlin’s streets. Exceptions: Unter den Linden, Friedrichstrasse.

? 1893: Permitted on all roads without exception.

? 1899: 258 cyclists are arrested in Spandau. They had used the pedestrian path across the Havel and had to pay a fine of three marks.

? 1899: The first cycle path on Schloßstraße is planned in Charlottenburg.

1929: A new cycle path was laid out on Bornholmer Straße (Wedding) (Photo: ullstein bild via Getty Images)
1929: A new cycle path was laid out on Bornholmer Straße (Wedding) (Photo: ullstein bild via Getty Images)

? 1933: The police are supposed to collect bikes that are not properly lit in the dark.

? 1948: A cement cycling track opens in the Werner Seelenbinder Stadium (Neukölln).

? 1977: First bicycle rally in West Berlin.

1930s: You also had to be careful on a separate cycle path - a hydrant is in the way here (Photo: ullstein bild - Süddeutsche Zei)
1930s: You also had to be careful on a separate cycle path – a hydrant is in the way here (Photo: ullstein bild – Süddeutsche Zei)

? 1998: Transport Minister Matthias Wissmann announces that 150 km of cycle paths will be expanded around Berlin.

? 2000: First car-free Sunday on the Straße des 17. Juni

? 2018: First green cycle path in Friedrichshain.

.

[date_timestamp] => 1631048811 ) [7] => Array ( [title] => the monitoring of the Atomic Energy Agency ?seriously? hampered [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/the-monitoring-of-the-atomic-energy-agency-seriously-hampered/ [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/the-monitoring-of-the-atomic-energy-agency-seriously-hampered/#respond [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Peter Paul ) [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 20:46:29 +0000 [category] => Internationalagencyatomicenergyhamperedmonitoring [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/the-monitoring-of-the-atomic-energy-agency-seriously-hampered/ [description] => Former Iranian President Hassan Rouhani during Iranian nuclear day in Tehran on April 10, 2021. IRANIAN PRESIDENCY OFFICE / VIA REUTERS The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) strongly denounced, Tuesday, September 7, a great lack of cooperation on the part of Iran, which seriously undermines its mission of monitoring the nuclear program. “Since February 2021, … [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) strongly denounced, Tuesday, September 7, a great lack of cooperation on the part of Iran, which seriously undermines its mission of monitoring the nuclear program. “Since February 2021, verification and monitoring activities have been seriously hampered by Iran’s decision” to restrict inspections, the agency wrote in a report.

Initially, the Islamic Republic had found a temporary arrangement allowing the IAEA to continue to exercise a certain degree of surveillance. In particular, it made a commitment to provide data from cameras and other surveillance tools. But the compromise expired on June 24 and Iran did not follow through, despite several “Requests” from the UN agency.

Read also: ?Constructive? diplomatic mobilization in Vienna

Surveillance equipment should normally be serviced every three months, which raises the question of whether it is “Always operational”, commented a diplomat close to the file. In addition, at one of the sites, a camera was destroyed and another badly damaged following an incident.

Confidence “diminishes over time”

The agency’s director general, Rafael Grossi, had offered to visit Iran “To meet members of the new administration and address these issues”, is it also specified in the report. Yet the trip was not made, the same source stressing that Iran was visibly “Not ready to speak”. Under these conditions, the technical capacity of the IAEA to monitor the Iranian nuclear program is “Strongly compromised”, and “His confidence is reduced over time”, the agency added, calling on Iran to “Immediately rectify the situation”.

At the same time, Iran has dramatically increased its production of highly enriched uranium, in violation of its commitments, approaching the 90% needed for military use. According to estimates drawn up in August, Iran thus increased its stock of enriched uranium to 60% to 10 kg from 2.4 kg in May, while that of 20% fell from 62.8 kg to 84.3 kg. Iran is now well above the limit of 3.67% set by the nuclear deal. To achieve this, Tehran drew on its quantities of low-enriched material, which therefore fell from 3,241 kg to 2,441.3 kg.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Tehran, election of tough president promotes Iran nuclear deal

In another document, the IAEA also denounced the failure to report four sites where nuclear material was detected. Iran still has not clarified the question, yet raised “About two years ago”, lamented the agency. The Islamic Republic has gradually freed itself from its nuclear obligations since 2019, in response to the reinstatement of US sanctions by former US President Donald Trump.

No resumption of negotiations for two or three months

Joe Biden said, meanwhile, wanted to reinstate the United States in the agreement, intended to prevent Iran from acquiring the atomic bomb. Talks that began in April in Vienna under the auspices of the European Union to try to revive it, in exchange for easing punitive American measures, were postponed on June 20, two days after the victory of the ultra-conservative Iranian president. Ebrahim Raïssi.

Read also: Russia urges the United States to take the first step

No resumption date has yet been announced despite repeated calls from the West, who are alarmed by the recent ramp-up of Iran’s nuclear program. At the end of August, Iran’s new foreign minister, Hossein Amir Abdollahian, hinted that his country would not return to the table for two or three months.

The World with AFP

) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/the-monitoring-of-the-atomic-energy-agency-seriously-hampered/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => Former Iranian President Hassan Rouhani during Iranian nuclear day in Tehran on April 10, 2021. IRANIAN PRESIDENCY OFFICE / VIA REUTERS The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) strongly denounced, Tuesday, September 7, a great lack of cooperation on the part of Iran, which seriously undermines its mission of monitoring the nuclear program. “Since February 2021, … [atom_content] =>

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) strongly denounced, Tuesday, September 7, a great lack of cooperation on the part of Iran, which seriously undermines its mission of monitoring the nuclear program. “Since February 2021, verification and monitoring activities have been seriously hampered by Iran’s decision” to restrict inspections, the agency wrote in a report.

Initially, the Islamic Republic had found a temporary arrangement allowing the IAEA to continue to exercise a certain degree of surveillance. In particular, it made a commitment to provide data from cameras and other surveillance tools. But the compromise expired on June 24 and Iran did not follow through, despite several “Requests” from the UN agency.

Read also: ?Constructive? diplomatic mobilization in Vienna

Surveillance equipment should normally be serviced every three months, which raises the question of whether it is “Always operational”, commented a diplomat close to the file. In addition, at one of the sites, a camera was destroyed and another badly damaged following an incident.

Confidence “diminishes over time”

The agency’s director general, Rafael Grossi, had offered to visit Iran “To meet members of the new administration and address these issues”, is it also specified in the report. Yet the trip was not made, the same source stressing that Iran was visibly “Not ready to speak”. Under these conditions, the technical capacity of the IAEA to monitor the Iranian nuclear program is “Strongly compromised”, and “His confidence is reduced over time”, the agency added, calling on Iran to “Immediately rectify the situation”.

At the same time, Iran has dramatically increased its production of highly enriched uranium, in violation of its commitments, approaching the 90% needed for military use. According to estimates drawn up in August, Iran thus increased its stock of enriched uranium to 60% to 10 kg from 2.4 kg in May, while that of 20% fell from 62.8 kg to 84.3 kg. Iran is now well above the limit of 3.67% set by the nuclear deal. To achieve this, Tehran drew on its quantities of low-enriched material, which therefore fell from 3,241 kg to 2,441.3 kg.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Tehran, election of tough president promotes Iran nuclear deal

In another document, the IAEA also denounced the failure to report four sites where nuclear material was detected. Iran still has not clarified the question, yet raised “About two years ago”, lamented the agency. The Islamic Republic has gradually freed itself from its nuclear obligations since 2019, in response to the reinstatement of US sanctions by former US President Donald Trump.

No resumption of negotiations for two or three months

Joe Biden said, meanwhile, wanted to reinstate the United States in the agreement, intended to prevent Iran from acquiring the atomic bomb. Talks that began in April in Vienna under the auspices of the European Union to try to revive it, in exchange for easing punitive American measures, were postponed on June 20, two days after the victory of the ultra-conservative Iranian president. Ebrahim Raïssi.

Read also: Russia urges the United States to take the first step

No resumption date has yet been announced despite repeated calls from the West, who are alarmed by the recent ramp-up of Iran’s nuclear program. At the end of August, Iran’s new foreign minister, Hossein Amir Abdollahian, hinted that his country would not return to the table for two or three months.

The World with AFP

[date_timestamp] => 1631047589 ) [8] => Array ( [title] => NASA chief on Blue Origin protest: ?They have every right? to sue [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/nasa-chief-on-blue-origin-protest-they-have-every-right-to-sue/ [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/nasa-chief-on-blue-origin-protest-they-have-every-right-to-sue/#respond [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Peter Paul ) [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 20:17:59 +0000 [category] => SpacebluechiefNASAoriginprotestsue [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/nasa-chief-on-blue-origin-protest-they-have-every-right-to-sue/ [description] => Enlarge / Former Florida Senator Bill Nelson was confirmed as NASA administrator earlier this year. NASA NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said he is not upset with Blue Origin for pursuing all legal avenues after the company lost a space agency contract for a lunar lander. “We are a nation of laws and as such we … [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Enlarge / Former Florida Senator Bill Nelson was confirmed as NASA administrator earlier this year.

NASA

NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said he is not upset with Blue Origin for pursuing all legal avenues after the company lost a space agency contract for a lunar lander.

“We are a nation of laws and as such we want to follow the law,” Nelson said in response to a question from Ars. “They have a right of appeal, and they have chosen to exercise that right. They have every right under the law to do that, and there will be a determination. And then we will move on.”

Nearly five months have passed since NASA selected SpaceX to build a Human Landing System for its lunar program, named Artemis. After the decision, both Blue Origin and another bidder, Dynetics, protested the award to the US Government Accountability Office, and in late July the protest was rejected.

That was enough for Dynetics, but Blue Origin has since pressed ahead with both a public relations campaign?designating SpaceX’s proposed lander as “immensely complex and high risk”?as well as further legal action. In August, Blue Origin sued NASA and the federal government in the US Court of Federal Claims, and this pending legal activity has iced efforts by NASA and SpaceX to move ahead with a lunar lander.

Blue Origin’s actions have fostered a considerable amount of enmity among some in the space community, but that has not deterred the rocket company owned by Jeff Bezos from pursuing a scorched-Earth campaign. But publicly, at least, Nelson is content to let Blue Origin have its day in court.

Nelson made his comments last week during a visit to NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, along with Deputy Administrator Pam Melroy. Nelson said the agency’s decision to select a single lunar lander bid was justified because Congress provided far less than NASA said was necessary to award multiple contracts for the lunar mission.

“NASA only had enough money to make a selection for the first competition, which was a demonstration lander on the Moon,” he said. “And NASA made that choice of one of the competitors. But what Pam and I have said is that we want a competition for all the other landers that are going to land on the Moon, what we call sustained landing over a decade, or a decade and a half period. And so that’s where we’ve got to get additional resources to get that competition going.”

So far, NASA has been unsuccessful in securing this extra funding, however. There are potentially three budgetary avenues for doing so, but none are close to a sure bet. Earlier this year, Senate Commerce Committee Chairwoman Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., where Blue Origin is based, added $10 billion for a second lunar lander as part of a NASA authorization bill. But this seems to be a nonstarter in the US House.

A second option is through the 2022 budget process. The US Senate has not yet released a proposed budget for NASA next year. In its budget, the US House did not provide funds for a second lander. Anything remains possible during the fluid budget process, however, which will play out over the next several months.

Finally, Nelson has suggested that $10 billion for a second Human Landing System be included in a $4.5 trillion infrastructure bill. However, in a draft bill outlining potential projects, the US House of Representatives left out extra funding for the Human Landing System.

) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/nasa-chief-on-blue-origin-protest-they-have-every-right-to-sue/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => Enlarge / Former Florida Senator Bill Nelson was confirmed as NASA administrator earlier this year. NASA NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said he is not upset with Blue Origin for pursuing all legal avenues after the company lost a space agency contract for a lunar lander. “We are a nation of laws and as such we … [atom_content] =>

Enlarge / Former Florida Senator Bill Nelson was confirmed as NASA administrator earlier this year.

NASA

NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said he is not upset with Blue Origin for pursuing all legal avenues after the company lost a space agency contract for a lunar lander.

“We are a nation of laws and as such we want to follow the law,” Nelson said in response to a question from Ars. “They have a right of appeal, and they have chosen to exercise that right. They have every right under the law to do that, and there will be a determination. And then we will move on.”

Nearly five months have passed since NASA selected SpaceX to build a Human Landing System for its lunar program, named Artemis. After the decision, both Blue Origin and another bidder, Dynetics, protested the award to the US Government Accountability Office, and in late July the protest was rejected.

That was enough for Dynetics, but Blue Origin has since pressed ahead with both a public relations campaign?designating SpaceX’s proposed lander as “immensely complex and high risk”?as well as further legal action. In August, Blue Origin sued NASA and the federal government in the US Court of Federal Claims, and this pending legal activity has iced efforts by NASA and SpaceX to move ahead with a lunar lander.

Blue Origin’s actions have fostered a considerable amount of enmity among some in the space community, but that has not deterred the rocket company owned by Jeff Bezos from pursuing a scorched-Earth campaign. But publicly, at least, Nelson is content to let Blue Origin have its day in court.

Nelson made his comments last week during a visit to NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, along with Deputy Administrator Pam Melroy. Nelson said the agency’s decision to select a single lunar lander bid was justified because Congress provided far less than NASA said was necessary to award multiple contracts for the lunar mission.

“NASA only had enough money to make a selection for the first competition, which was a demonstration lander on the Moon,” he said. “And NASA made that choice of one of the competitors. But what Pam and I have said is that we want a competition for all the other landers that are going to land on the Moon, what we call sustained landing over a decade, or a decade and a half period. And so that’s where we’ve got to get additional resources to get that competition going.”

So far, NASA has been unsuccessful in securing this extra funding, however. There are potentially three budgetary avenues for doing so, but none are close to a sure bet. Earlier this year, Senate Commerce Committee Chairwoman Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., where Blue Origin is based, added $10 billion for a second lunar lander as part of a NASA authorization bill. But this seems to be a nonstarter in the US House.

A second option is through the 2022 budget process. The US Senate has not yet released a proposed budget for NASA next year. In its budget, the US House did not provide funds for a second lander. Anything remains possible during the fluid budget process, however, which will play out over the next several months.

Finally, Nelson has suggested that $10 billion for a second Human Landing System be included in a $4.5 trillion infrastructure bill. However, in a draft bill outlining potential projects, the US House of Representatives left out extra funding for the Human Landing System.

[date_timestamp] => 1631045879 ) [9] => Array ( [title] => Shape Memory Alloys for Aircraft Landing Noise Reduction [link] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/shape-memory-alloys-for-aircraft-landing-noise-reduction/ [comments] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/shape-memory-alloys-for-aircraft-landing-noise-reduction/#respond [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Peter Paul ) [pubdate] => Tue, 07 Sep 2021 19:16:36 +0000 [category] => SpaceaircraftAlloysLANDINGmemorynoisepollutionreductionshapeshape memory alloys [guid] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/shape-memory-alloys-for-aircraft-landing-noise-reduction/ [description] => As air traffic is projected to increase dramatically over the next decade, reducing noise pollution becomes an even more necessary and demanding challenge. Decades of research have been dedicated to reducing the noise of an aircraft?s engine but have tended to neglect the noise caused by the airframe during landing. Recent research published in Journal of Aircraft … [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

As air traffic is projected to increase dramatically over the next decade, reducing noise pollution becomes an even more necessary and demanding challenge. Decades of research have been dedicated to reducing the noise of an aircraft?s engine but have tended to neglect the noise caused by the airframe during landing. Recent research published in Journal of Aircraft from Texas A&M University has suggested that shape memory alloys may be the key to solving noise pollution during landing without degrading the aerodynamic properties of the airframe itself.

Image Credit: frank_peters/Shutterstock.com

Aero-Engines and Sound Pollution

Though the mechanics and composition of an aero-engine are complex, creating propulsion is simple. Cold air enters via the engine?s intake and is then pressurized through a compressor, increasing its temperature to make it combustible. Then, the air is mixed with fuel and ignited, further increasing its internal energy before being expanded again through the engine?s turbine, leaving through the outlet. The energy difference is caused by compression, while thrust is generated by combustion.

The three main types of aero-engines (Turbofan, Turboprop, and Turbojet) all share this basic premise, though they can differ in intake methods, fuel efficiency, and thrust generation. Some engines also have additional components like mixers, which combine cold intake air with hot ignited air at the exhaust, increasing efficiency.

Mixing air at the exhaust, adding additional components such as active noise control (ANC), and even the engine’s geometry are all methods of reducing the noise created by aircraft engines. These methods, however, cannot reduce noise entirely and do little to reduce noise at all during an aircraft’s landing phase.

The Problem with Landing

As aero-engines are typically idle or producing very low thrust during landing, the engine itself no longer becomes the primary noise source, giving way to airframe noise. For decades, engine-related noise pollution was considered a priority over airframe noise. As a result, little research had been done until engine noise had been reduced to a level equal to airframe noise.

The two most significant problem areas for airframe noise are the wings and the landing gear. As landing gear is lowered from the plane during landing, the slats (leading edge) and flaps (trailing edge) of the wing extend to ease landing by providing equal lift at lower speeds. These changes to the aircraft profile alter the airflow around it. Air enters the vacuum-like space created by the extended flaps and slats, forming turbulent eddies, which then resonates and makes an unpleasant high-pitched noise.

Researchers are met with a difficult decision when considering the problem of airframe noise. Aeronautical engineering is an intricate science, and small changes to an airframe’s characteristics can dramatically affect its efficiency. Although tackling airframe noise is necessary, minimal changes must be made to the airframe’s aerodynamic properties.

Shape Memory Alloys to Reduce Airframe Noise

One potential method proposed to reduce airframe noise pollution is to insert an elongated ‘S?-shaped filler inside the space created by the extended leading edge. This membrane, researched by Dr. Darren Hartl and various NASA collaborators, would effectively disable the circulation of the turbulent air, stopping the resonance and, consequently, the unpleasant sound it produces. However, subsequent research has found that all proposed materials could not form the S-shape during landing, then return to their original shape inside the retracted slat to a satisfactory degree.

The material used had to be malleable to sufficiently form the S-shape on landing while still resisting high stresses and cycle fatigue. Hartl’s research began to analyze using a shape memory alloy for the filler to solve these issues.

Using a shape memory alloy would mean that the alloy could change form during each landing. The airflow itself would change the shape of the alloy, optimizing its shape to reduce noise cancellation.

Recent Developments in Shape Memory Alloys and Their Applications in Aerospace Engineering

Shape memory alloys refer to materials that can be deformed plastically, then return to their original shape when activated by heat; the atomic structure remains similar to its original shape. en if the structure undergoes shear forces, the atoms are connected in the same way as in their high-temperature phase. When heated, these connections straighten like in their high-temperature phase, returning the component to its primary form.

This similarity in atomic structure is unique to shape memory alloys compared to other conventional metals. If these metals undergo enough force, they will undergo slip, where a section of an atomic crystal deforms more than the rest of the crystal. Deformation due to slip does not reverse under heat, as it does in shape memory alloys.

airplane wheel

Image Credit: Yuri Kabantsev/Shutterstock.com

Nitinol, a Nickel-Titanium shape memory alloy, is the most common shape memory alloy and the most useful in aerospace engineering. The most well-known application for Nitinol is its use on the curiosity rover. Initially, the thin aluminum wheels of the Mars rover would become damaged from the rough terrain of Mars. To solve this, NASA replaced Curiosity’s wheels with a wire-mesh wheel of Nitinol. Its superelastic properties meant the wheels could deform to Mars’ rough terrain with no permanent damage or deformation.

Other applications for shape memory alloys have been proposed for fixed-wing aircraft. Nitinol has been investigated as a method of twisting aircraft wings via its shape recovery characteristics. Wing twist, used to alter lift distribution across a wing, could be activated by heating Nitinol ‘Torque Tubes’. Unfortunately, current technology can not provide enough force on a full-scale wing.

Disadvantages of Shape Memory Alloys and Their Future in Aerospace

The most glaring disadvantage of shape memory alloys is the difficulty in dynamically modeling their behavior; as air flows across the filler, its shape changes. The shape of the airflow is altered, creating an inconsistent model that is hard to analyze entirely, even with fluid dynamics modeling.

As shape memory alloys are new material, there is relatively little research on them. Still, as more explorations take place, attributes can be improved. Perhaps in the future, the strength of Nitinol ‘Torque Tubes’ can be increased to the point where they can be applied in the aerospace industry.

The current S-shaped filler design is implementable, but bulky and potentially heavy. Increasing the weight of an aircraft is highly undesirable, as it means payload must be reduced to meet its Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW). Hartl has suggested future research may result in smaller, different shapes that are capable of noise cancellation.

References and Further Reading

Arena, G., Groh, R., Pirrera, A., Turner, T., Scholten, W. and Hartl, D., (2021) Design of Shape-Adaptive Deployable Slat-Cove Filler for Airframe Noise Reduction. Journal of Aircraft, pp.1-17. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.C036070

engineerguy, (2018) Nitinol: The Shape Memory Effect and Superelasticity. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wI-qAxKJoSU

Hartl, D. and Lagoudas, D., (2007) Aerospace applications of shape memory alloys. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 221(4), pp.535-552. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1243/09544100JAERO211

Kang, G. and Song, D., (2015) Review on structural fatigue of NiTi shape memory alloys: Pure mechanical and thermo-mechanical ones. Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters, 5(6), pp.245-254. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taml.2015.11.004

L. Lasagna, P., G. Mackall, K., W. Burcham, F. and W. Putnam, T., (1980) Landing Approach Airframe Noise Measurements and Analysis. [PDF] Edwards, California: NASA. Available at: https://www.nasa.gov/centers/dryden/pdf/87919main_H-1075.pdf

Real Engineering, (2018) How NASA Reinvented The Wheel – Shape Memory Alloys. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2lv6Vs12jLc

Sadeghian, M. and Gorji Bandpy, M., (2020) Technologies for Aircraft Noise Reduction: A Review. Journal of  Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering, 9(219). Available at: https://www.longdom.org/open-access/technologies-for-aircraft-noise-reduction-a-review-47567.html

ScienceDaily. (2021) Shape-memory alloys might help airplanes land without a peep. [online] Available at: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/07/210712183327.htm

Disclaimer: The views expressed here are those of the author expressed in their private capacity and do not necessarily represent the views of AZoM.com Limited T/A AZoNetwork the owner and operator of this website. This disclaimer forms part of the Terms and conditions of use of this website.

.

) [wfw] => Array ( [commentrss] => https://newnewsdaily.xyz/shape-memory-alloys-for-aircraft-landing-noise-reduction/feed/ ) [slash] => Array ( [comments] => 0 ) [summary] => As air traffic is projected to increase dramatically over the next decade, reducing noise pollution becomes an even more necessary and demanding challenge. Decades of research have been dedicated to reducing the noise of an aircraft?s engine but have tended to neglect the noise caused by the airframe during landing. Recent research published in Journal of Aircraft … [atom_content] =>

As air traffic is projected to increase dramatically over the next decade, reducing noise pollution becomes an even more necessary and demanding challenge. Decades of research have been dedicated to reducing the noise of an aircraft?s engine but have tended to neglect the noise caused by the airframe during landing. Recent research published in Journal of Aircraft from Texas A&M University has suggested that shape memory alloys may be the key to solving noise pollution during landing without degrading the aerodynamic properties of the airframe itself.

Image Credit: frank_peters/Shutterstock.com

Aero-Engines and Sound Pollution

Though the mechanics and composition of an aero-engine are complex, creating propulsion is simple. Cold air enters via the engine?s intake and is then pressurized through a compressor, increasing its temperature to make it combustible. Then, the air is mixed with fuel and ignited, further increasing its internal energy before being expanded again through the engine?s turbine, leaving through the outlet. The energy difference is caused by compression, while thrust is generated by combustion.

The three main types of aero-engines (Turbofan, Turboprop, and Turbojet) all share this basic premise, though they can differ in intake methods, fuel efficiency, and thrust generation. Some engines also have additional components like mixers, which combine cold intake air with hot ignited air at the exhaust, increasing efficiency.

Mixing air at the exhaust, adding additional components such as active noise control (ANC), and even the engine’s geometry are all methods of reducing the noise created by aircraft engines. These methods, however, cannot reduce noise entirely and do little to reduce noise at all during an aircraft’s landing phase.

The Problem with Landing

As aero-engines are typically idle or producing very low thrust during landing, the engine itself no longer becomes the primary noise source, giving way to airframe noise. For decades, engine-related noise pollution was considered a priority over airframe noise. As a result, little research had been done until engine noise had been reduced to a level equal to airframe noise.

The two most significant problem areas for airframe noise are the wings and the landing gear. As landing gear is lowered from the plane during landing, the slats (leading edge) and flaps (trailing edge) of the wing extend to ease landing by providing equal lift at lower speeds. These changes to the aircraft profile alter the airflow around it. Air enters the vacuum-like space created by the extended flaps and slats, forming turbulent eddies, which then resonates and makes an unpleasant high-pitched noise.

Researchers are met with a difficult decision when considering the problem of airframe noise. Aeronautical engineering is an intricate science, and small changes to an airframe’s characteristics can dramatically affect its efficiency. Although tackling airframe noise is necessary, minimal changes must be made to the airframe’s aerodynamic properties.

Shape Memory Alloys to Reduce Airframe Noise

One potential method proposed to reduce airframe noise pollution is to insert an elongated ‘S?-shaped filler inside the space created by the extended leading edge. This membrane, researched by Dr. Darren Hartl and various NASA collaborators, would effectively disable the circulation of the turbulent air, stopping the resonance and, consequently, the unpleasant sound it produces. However, subsequent research has found that all proposed materials could not form the S-shape during landing, then return to their original shape inside the retracted slat to a satisfactory degree.

The material used had to be malleable to sufficiently form the S-shape on landing while still resisting high stresses and cycle fatigue. Hartl’s research began to analyze using a shape memory alloy for the filler to solve these issues.

Using a shape memory alloy would mean that the alloy could change form during each landing. The airflow itself would change the shape of the alloy, optimizing its shape to reduce noise cancellation.

Recent Developments in Shape Memory Alloys and Their Applications in Aerospace Engineering

Shape memory alloys refer to materials that can be deformed plastically, then return to their original shape when activated by heat; the atomic structure remains similar to its original shape. en if the structure undergoes shear forces, the atoms are connected in the same way as in their high-temperature phase. When heated, these connections straighten like in their high-temperature phase, returning the component to its primary form.

This similarity in atomic structure is unique to shape memory alloys compared to other conventional metals. If these metals undergo enough force, they will undergo slip, where a section of an atomic crystal deforms more than the rest of the crystal. Deformation due to slip does not reverse under heat, as it does in shape memory alloys.

airplane wheel

Image Credit: Yuri Kabantsev/Shutterstock.com

Nitinol, a Nickel-Titanium shape memory alloy, is the most common shape memory alloy and the most useful in aerospace engineering. The most well-known application for Nitinol is its use on the curiosity rover. Initially, the thin aluminum wheels of the Mars rover would become damaged from the rough terrain of Mars. To solve this, NASA replaced Curiosity’s wheels with a wire-mesh wheel of Nitinol. Its superelastic properties meant the wheels could deform to Mars’ rough terrain with no permanent damage or deformation.

Other applications for shape memory alloys have been proposed for fixed-wing aircraft. Nitinol has been investigated as a method of twisting aircraft wings via its shape recovery characteristics. Wing twist, used to alter lift distribution across a wing, could be activated by heating Nitinol ‘Torque Tubes’. Unfortunately, current technology can not provide enough force on a full-scale wing.

Disadvantages of Shape Memory Alloys and Their Future in Aerospace

The most glaring disadvantage of shape memory alloys is the difficulty in dynamically modeling their behavior; as air flows across the filler, its shape changes. The shape of the airflow is altered, creating an inconsistent model that is hard to analyze entirely, even with fluid dynamics modeling.

As shape memory alloys are new material, there is relatively little research on them. Still, as more explorations take place, attributes can be improved. Perhaps in the future, the strength of Nitinol ‘Torque Tubes’ can be increased to the point where they can be applied in the aerospace industry.

The current S-shaped filler design is implementable, but bulky and potentially heavy. Increasing the weight of an aircraft is highly undesirable, as it means payload must be reduced to meet its Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW). Hartl has suggested future research may result in smaller, different shapes that are capable of noise cancellation.

References and Further Reading

Arena, G., Groh, R., Pirrera, A., Turner, T., Scholten, W. and Hartl, D., (2021) Design of Shape-Adaptive Deployable Slat-Cove Filler for Airframe Noise Reduction. Journal of Aircraft, pp.1-17. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.C036070

engineerguy, (2018) Nitinol: The Shape Memory Effect and Superelasticity. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wI-qAxKJoSU

Hartl, D. and Lagoudas, D., (2007) Aerospace applications of shape memory alloys. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 221(4), pp.535-552. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1243/09544100JAERO211

Kang, G. and Song, D., (2015) Review on structural fatigue of NiTi shape memory alloys: Pure mechanical and thermo-mechanical ones. Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters, 5(6), pp.245-254. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taml.2015.11.004

L. Lasagna, P., G. Mackall, K., W. Burcham, F. and W. Putnam, T., (1980) Landing Approach Airframe Noise Measurements and Analysis. [PDF] Edwards, California: NASA. Available at: https://www.nasa.gov/centers/dryden/pdf/87919main_H-1075.pdf

Real Engineering, (2018) How NASA Reinvented The Wheel – Shape Memory Alloys. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2lv6Vs12jLc

Sadeghian, M. and Gorji Bandpy, M., (2020) Technologies for Aircraft Noise Reduction: A Review. Journal of  Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering, 9(219). Available at: https://www.longdom.org/open-access/technologies-for-aircraft-noise-reduction-a-review-47567.html

ScienceDaily. (2021) Shape-memory alloys might help airplanes land without a peep. [online] Available at: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/07/210712183327.htm

Disclaimer: The views expressed here are those of the author expressed in their private capacity and do not necessarily represent the views of AZoM.com Limited T/A AZoNetwork the owner and operator of this website. This disclaimer forms part of the Terms and conditions of use of this website.

.

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